World War I was a turning point in several aspects of modern life • Women asserted themselves in society • Millions of deaths during WWI undermined the concept of patriotism • Labor unions protected the rights of workers • Settlements from WWI loss/wins lead to the birth of nationalism including propaganda with an emphasis on bigotry and loss of human rights
Dadismanti-war movement in Europe and New York from 1915 to 1923artistic revolt and protest against traditional beliefs of a pro-war societyfought against sexism/racism to a lesser degree-"dada" was picked at random out of a dictionary, and is actually the French word for "hobbyhorse” -European movement started in 1915 in Zurich by sculptor Hans Arp, film-maker Hans Richter, and poet Tristan Tzarapopular in Berlin, Cologne and Hanover, expressing the view of many Germans at the time that the war was follyNew York art movement arose independentlymovement centered at Alfred Stieglitz's gallery, "291,“ New York counterpart tended to be more whimsical and less about the violence that was happening overseas.
Marcel Duchamp French artist whose work is most often associated with the Dadist and Surrealist movements Duchamp's output influenced the development of post-World War I Western artadvised modern art collectors, such as Peggy Guggenheim and other prominent figures, which in turn shaped the tastes of Western Art during this periodA playful man, Duchamp challenged conventional thought about artistic processes and art marketing, not so much by writing, but through subversive actions such as dubbing a urinal art and naming it Fountainproduced relatively few artworks, while moving quickly through the avant-garde circles of his time.PHILOSOPHY: The creative act is not performed by the artist alone; the spectator brings the work in contact with the external world by deciphering and interpreting its inner qualifications and thus adds his contribution to the creative act
De StijlDutch for "The Style", also known as neoplasticism, was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917term De Stijl refers to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in the NetherlandsDe Stijl is also the name of a journal that was published by the Dutch painter, designer, writer, and critic Theo van Doesburg (1883–1931), Proponents of De Stijl sought to express a new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order. advocated pure abstraction and universality by a reduction to the essentials of form and colorsimplified visual compositions to the vertical and horizontal directions, and used only primary colors with black and white De Stijl was posited on the fundamental principle of the geometry of the straight line, the square, and the rectangle, combined with a strong asymmetricality; the predominant use of pure primary colors with black and white; and the relationship between positive and negative elements in an arrangement of non-objective forms and lines
ModernismAmerican Modernism movement was a faction that occurred in America during the late 1920’sRegionalism depicted several forms of life in America. Regionalism is an umbrella term for the rural American Regionalism and the urban and politically charged Social Realism, but the exact limits remain rather ambiguousmodernist style that was a reaction against the modern European stylescene painting was seen as an attempt to defined a uniquely American style of art
Regionalisman American Realist modern art movement that was popular during the 1930sartistic focus was from artists who shunned city life, and rapidly developing technological advances, to create scenes of rural life. Regionalist style was at its height from 1930 to 1935 Regionalist art was widely appreciated for its reassuring images of the American heartland.