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Crusades. 14.1. How the Crusades got started:. In 1093, the Byzantine Emperor __________________________ sent an appeal to Robert, Count of Flanders asking for help against the ________________________. They were threatening to conquer his capital, ______________________. Alexius Comnenus.

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how the crusades got started
How the Crusades got started:
  • In 1093, the Byzantine Emperor __________________________ sent an appeal to Robert, Count of Flanders asking for help against the ________________________. They were threatening to conquer his capital, ______________________.

Alexius Comnenus

Muslim Turks

Constantinople

slide3

Alexius Comnenus

Robert, Count of Flanders

Pope Urban II

how the crusades got started4
How the Crusades got started:

Urban II

  • Pope __________________ also read the letter. He issued a call for what he termed a “_______________”, a ________________, to gain control of the ______________________.

Holy War

Crusade

Holy Lands

how the crusades got started5
How the Crusades got started:
  • The Crusades had economic, ________________, & political goals as well as _________________ motives.

Social

religious

how the crusades got started6
How the Crusades got started:
  • What area did the Muslims control?
    • Palestine {Holy Lands}
  • What city were they threatening?
    • Constantinople
how the crusades got started8
How the Crusades got started:
  • Who asked the Christians to come fight against the Muslims?
    • Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenus.
how the crusades got started9
How the Crusades got started:
  • What was the Pope’s goal?
    • Wanted to reclaim Palestine & reunite Christendom.
how the crusades got started10
How the Crusades got started:
  • Who saw the Crusades as an opportunity to get rid of quarrelsome knights who fought each other?
    • Kings & the Church.
    • These knights threatened the peace of the kingdoms, as well as Church property.
how the crusades got started11
How the Crusades got started:
  • Who participated in the Crusades?
    • Younger sons!!! They weren’t going to inherit anything from their fathers!!!
  • What were they looking for?
    • They were looking for land and a position in society & TREASURES!!!!
how the crusades got started12
How the Crusades got started:
  • How did some merchants profit off the Crusades?
    • They gave cash loans to finance the Crusaders journey.
      • Hoped to get big treasures in return!!!
slide16

Philip II of France

Richard the Lion-Hearted

Frederick I of Germany

slide19

Death

of

Frederick I

spanish crusade
Spanish Crusade
  • Who controlled Spain until the 1100’s?
    • Muslims {AKA Moors}.
spanish crusade27
Spanish Crusade
  • What is the Reconquista?
    • The long effort by the Spanish to drive the Muslims out of Spain.
how the crusades got started28
How the Crusades got started:
  • By the 1400s, the Muslims held only the tiny kingdom of ________________. In 1492, it finally fell to the Christian army of _______________ & _____________, the Spanish monarchs.

Granada

Ferdinand

Isabella

spanish crusade29
Spanish Crusade
  • What did Isabella & Ferdinand use to unify Spain under Christianity & to increase their power?
    • The Inquisition.
explain the inquisition
Explain the Inquisition:
  • A court held by the church to suppress heresy.
    • Heretics were people whose religious beliefs were different from Christianity.
  • Many Jews & Muslims in Spain converted to Christianity during the late 1400s.
  • If you were suspected of being a heretic then you were questioned for weeks and even tortured.
    • If found guilty you were burned at the stake.
inquisition
Inquisition:
  • Why did many Spanish people of other faiths convert to Christianity?
  • 1492: Monarchs expelled all practicing Jews & Muslims from Spain.