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Italy: Italian Republic. Traditional N-S Divide 58.1 million Roman law tradition Main peninsula + Sardinia and Sicily. History. Risorgimento, or Unification, of Italy (1815-1871) Guiseppe Garibaldi. History: Mussolini. Mussolini (became P.M. in 1922) Appointed by King Vittorio Emanuele

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italy italian republic

Italy: Italian Republic

Traditional N-S Divide

58.1 million

Roman law tradition

Main peninsula + Sardinia and Sicily

history
History
  • Risorgimento, or Unification, of Italy (1815-1871)
  • Guiseppe Garibaldi
history mussolini
History: Mussolini
  • Mussolini (became P.M. in 1922)
  • Appointed by King Vittorio Emanuele
  • Mussolini transformed Italy into authoritarian state
  • Lateran Pacts with Pope Pius XI (1929)
  • Overthrown in 1943, executed by Italian Resistance in 1945
the execution of benito mussolini and clara petacci
The Execution of Benito Mussolini and Clara Petacci
  • April, 1945
  • Milan, Italy
  • Mussolini caught trying to escape, Petacci refused to leave but joined Mussolini
history5
History
  • Italy became a democratic republic in1946 that abolished monarchy
  • Tangentopoli scandal of early 1990s destroyed Christian Democratic party; some speak of “second republic” emerging from the period (more generally, Italy’s problem with “clientelism”)
  • Social services and health care today (among other industries) are plagued with corruption.
political parties
Political Parties
  • Silvio Berlusconi and Forza Italia
political parties7
Political Parties
  • Two Broad Coalitions:
  • Olive Tree Coalition
  • House of Liberty Coalition
executive
Executive
  • President:Giorgio Napolitano
  • Prime Minister: Romano Prodi
legislative branch
Legislative Branch
  • “Perfect Bicameralism”
  • Senate of 315 seats;
  • Chamber of Deputies of 630 seats
  • Parlimentary System
constitutional court
Constitutional Court
  • Has become more prominent in Italian politics
political parties11
Political Parties
  • Less chaotic since changes in 1990
  • Less proportional representation
  • Tendency toward a center-left and a center-right coalition
cicciolina
Cicciolina
  • Elected to Italian parliament in 1987
electoral process
Electoral Process
  • Proportional
  • Reformed in 1991-1993
  • “preference votes”
referendums
Referendums
  • Used heavily in Italy, for decisions on:
  • Electoral methods
  • Abortion
  • Divorce
  • Nuclear Energy
  • Drug Decriminalization
  • Political party financing
politics
Politics
  • Of the major EU countries, citizens of Italy seem the most dissatisfied with their own government
  • A “discontented democracy”
attitudes toward the eu
Attitudes toward the EU
  • An inclination to balance Atlanticism and the EU
  • A supranational inclination
  • An inability to lead Europe
  • A weakness in implementing EU policies