World War II: North Africa and Italy. Lesson 24. ID & SIG:. Anzio, Clark, Gustav Line, Kasserine Pass, Kesserling, LSTs, Lucas, Montgomery, Operation Torch, Rome, Rommel, Salerno, Sicily, “soft underbelly”. North Africa. Italian Presence in North Africa.
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Admiral Francois Darlan surrendered the Vichy forces in North Africa
American soldiers enter Kasserine Pass
Lloyd Fredendall, commander of the American II Corps
The Federal Reserve Building in Washington, DC, site of the Trident Conference
Failure to Plan Ahead
General Mark Clark, American Fifth Army
General Bernard Montgomery, British Eighth Army
General Sir Harold Alexander, 15th Army Group
General Omar Bradley, commander II Corps
One down, two to go: Cartoon on jeep shows Mussolini crossed out with Hitler and Hirohito next
Invading the Italian Mainland
General Sir Richard McCreery, British X Corps
General Ernest Dawley, American VI Corps
Landing at Salerno
“Cut the enemy’s main communications in the Colli Laziali (Alban Hills) area southeast of Rome, and threaten the rear of the 14 German corps”Anzio
“On January 22 and even the following day, an audacious and enterprising formation of enemy troops… could have penetrated into the city of Rome itself without having overcome any serious opposition”
Siegried Westphal, German Chief of Staff
Alexander had told Lucas to advance “on” the Alban Hills
Did that mean “to” or “toward”?
What was the commander’s intent?Anzio
RomeLegacy of Anzio