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Comparison of Roman & Greek Sculpture Senior Humanities Seminar Roman History I. Early History 1000 BCE Latin speaking tribes in Italy 8 th cent. BCE Rome founded Etruscans North; Greek Colonies South Religion II. Roman Republic 509-27 BCE 509 BCE Founding of Republic

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Comparison of Roman & Greek Sculpture

Senior Humanities Seminar

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Roman History

I. Early History

1000 BCE Latin speaking tribes in Italy

8th cent. BCE Rome foundedEtruscans North; Greek Colonies SouthReligion

II. Roman Republic 509-27 BCE

509 BCE Founding of Republic

500-264 BCE Unification of Italian Peninsula

264-146 BCE Punic Wars with Carthage Subjugation of Hellenistic States

146-27 BCE Collapse of Republic

III. Roman Empire 27 BCE – 476 CE

Expansion through Conquest & Administration

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Roman History

Roman Republic 509-27 BCE

509 BCE Founding of Republic

500-264 BCE Unification of Italian Peninsula

264-146 BCE Punic Wars with Carthage

146-133 BCE Greece & Hellenistic Statesbecome a Province of Rome

146-27 BCE Collapse of Republic

490-480 BCE Persian Wars480-430 BCE Golden Age(High Classical)431-404 BCE Peloponnesian Wars400-338 BCE Political Upheaval(Late Classical)336-323 BCE Alexander the Great (Hellenistic)

Roman Empire 27 BCE – 476 CE

Expansion through Conquest & Administration

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Roman

Greek

Imagines

Portrait Busts, c. 80 BCE – 200 CE

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Roman

Greek

Paterfamilias

Patria

Patrician

Senate (Council of Elders)

Patrician w. Busts of his Ancestors,1st cent. BC

Doryphoros, Polykleitos

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Roman Republican Portrait Busts

Patrician - Senate (Council of Elders)

AutoritasGravitasDecorum

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Roman Republic

Denarius (Coin) with Portrait of Julius Caesar,c. 44 BCE

Patrician w. Busts of his Ancestors,1st cent. BCE

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Roman

II. Roman Empire

Greek

Augustusb. 63 BCEd. 14 CE

Augustus of Prima Porta, c. 20-10 BCE

Doryphoros, Polykleitos

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Commemorative Sculpture

Roman

Ara Pacis Augustae, Altar, 13-9 BCE

Close Up

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Roman

Greek

Panathenaic Procession, Parthenon

Imperial Procession, Ara Pacis Altar

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Roman

Arch of Titus, Triumphal Arch, 81 CE

Close Up

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Roman

Greek

Triumph of Titus

Lapiths & Centaurs, Parthenon

Arch of TitusSpoils from Temple of Jerusalem

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Arch of Titus, 81 CE

Spoils from Temple of Jerusalem

Triumph of Titus

“more prominent than the rest were those [spoils] captured in the Temple at Jerusalem - a golden table and a lampstand similarly made of gold . . . . The central shaft was fixed to a base and from it extended slender branches placed like the prongs of a trident, and with the end of each one forged into a lamp: these numbered seven, signifying the honor paid to that number by the Jews. Next came a large group carrying images of Victory, all fashioned out of ivory and gold. Behind them drove Vespasian first with Titus behind him . . . a splendid sight.”

- Flavius Josephus

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Roman

Column of Trajan, Victory Column, 113 CE

Close Up

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Greek

Roman

Romans Crossing the Danube into Dacia, Column of Trajan

Archer Herakles, Trojan War Pediment,Temple of Aphaia