What is psychology
Download
1 / 17

What is Psychology? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 557 Views
  • Updated On :

What is Psychology?. Definitions?. Definitions?. Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behaviour. Psychological Concepts. Memory and recall Learning Perception and representation Thinking and cognition Creativity Attitudes and behaviour Individual differences and personality

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'What is Psychology?' - Leo


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


Definitions1
Definitions?

  • Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behaviour


Psychological concepts
Psychological Concepts

  • Memory and recall

  • Learning

  • Perception and representation

  • Thinking and cognition

  • Creativity

  • Attitudes and behaviour

  • Individual differences and personality

  • Intelligences


Schools of thought
Schools of Thought…

  • Psychodynamics

  • Nativism (Rationalist/Biological)

  • Behaviourism (S-R)

  • Cognitive Psychology

  • Humanistic Psychology

  • Constructivist theories

  • Social Psychology


A brief history of psychology
A Brief History of Psychology

  • Sigmund Freud (1865-1939): ‘I set myself the task of bringing to light what human beings keep hidden within them… the task of making conscious the most hidden recesses of the mind is one which is quite possible to achieve’.


A brief history of psychology1
A Brief History of Psychology

  • Ivan Pavlov(1849-1936): Studied the conditioned and unconditioned responses of animals to stimuli. Concluded that learning occurred as an association (coupling) of one event with another. Stimulus-Response.

  • Classical Conditioning


A brief history of psychology2
A Brief History of Psychology

  • B. F. Skinner (1904-1990):

  • Behaviourism

  • A behaviour followed by a reinforcing stimulus results in an increased probability of that behaviour occurring in the future.

  • Operant Conditioning

  • Extinction of behaviour


A brief history of psychology3
A Brief History of Psychology

  • Edward Tolman (1886-1959):

  • Cognitive Shift Theory

  • Cognitive Map

  • Challenge to Behaviourism


What is psychology

A Brief History of Psychology

  • Leon Festinger (1919-1989):

  • Cognitive Dissonance Theory

  • Describes conflicting thoughts or beliefs (cognitions) that occur at the same time, or when engaged in behaviours that conflict with one's beliefs.


A brief history of psychology4
A Brief History of Psychology

  • Carl Rogers (1902-1987):

  • Humanistic approach to learning

  • Unconditional positive regard

  • Student centred learning (Client centred approach)


A brief history of psychology5
A Brief History of Psychology

  • Abraham Maslow (1902-1987):

  • Hierarchy of Human Needs

  • Self Actualisation

  • Psychology of Being

  • ‘Peak experiences’


What is psychology

A Brief History of Psychology

  • Lev Vygostsky (1896-1934):

  • Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)

  • Social learning

  • Co-operative learning


What is psychology

A Brief History of Psychology

  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980):

  • The child as a solo scientist

  • Discovery learning

  • Assimilation and Accommodation

  • Schema Theory


What is psychology

A Brief History of Psychology

  • Jerome Bruner (1915-):

  • Scaffolding

  • The ‘spiral curriculum’

  • ‘Cognition is involved in everything a human being might possibly do…’


What is psychology

A Brief History of Psychology

  • Howard Gardner(1943-):

  • Theoryof Multiple Intelligences

  • ‘An important part of that understanding is knowing who we are and what we can do... Ultimately, we must synthesize our understandings for ourselves’.