The Scope of Psychology. Psychology can be defined as the scientific study of behavior and mental processes . Includes the application of the science to human problems. Psychology as a science: It is systematized knowledge that is gathered by carefully observing and measuring events.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Psychology can be defined as the scientific study of
Includes the application of
the science to human problems
It is systematized knowledge that is gathered by carefully observing and measuring events.
Psychology applied to real-life
“What is consciousness? Are people inherently rational?”
“Whether human capabilities are inborn or acquired through experience?”
set up the first laboratory and
used Introspection method.
recording the nature of one’s own perception, thoughts and feelings.
Structuralism, Functionalism, Behaviorism, Gestalt Psychology and Psychoanalysis
units of sensation, image and emotion
because of the relationships between the parts.
Dreams, slips of tongue & physical mannerism.
Seeks to specify neurological processes that underlie behavior and mental processes.
Focus on observable stimuli and regards nearly all behavior as a result of conditioning & responses.
Use the analogy between mind and computer, not based on introspection but it assumes that
Behavior stems from unconscious processes, meanings, beliefs, fears & desires that a person is unaware of, but that nonetheless influences behavior.
Concerned with characteristic changes in people as they grow.
Emphasizes one’s own sense of self.
Each individual has their own definition of the situation, which is expected to vary according to their culture, personal history & current motivational states.
Biological- Reductionism, involve reducing psychological notions to biological ones, Which is not always accepted.
Counseling- Often deal with less serious problems.