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Christianity. Christian Religion. Centered on the worship of One God, revealed through Jesus of Nazareth Apocalyptic Originally thought by the Romans to be a Jewish sect. (How wrong they were!). Bible. Old Testament Hebrew Bible New Testament Christian Bible Apocrypha

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Presentation Transcript
christian religion
Christian Religion
  • Centered on the worship of One God, revealed through Jesus of Nazareth
  • Apocalyptic
  • Originally thought by the Romans to be a Jewish sect.
    • (How wrong they were!)
bible
Bible
  • Old Testament
    • Hebrew Bible
  • New Testament
    • Christian Bible
  • Apocrypha
    • Both Hebrew and Christian sources
  • Some sects have additional scriptures
the new testament
The New Testament
  • 4 Gospels
    • Records of the life of Jesus
  • Acts of the Apostles and Epistles
    • Letters from the Apostles and other early church leaders
  • Book of Revelation
    • The Apocalypse
jesus of nazareth
Jesus of Nazareth
  • Lived 30 years in Palestine
  • Jewish by religion and descent
    • Attended synagogue
    • Celebrated Jewish feasts and holidays
  • Traveling minister
  • Many hoped he would redeem Israel and free Jews from Roman rule
jesus christ
Jesus Christ
  • Believed by Christians to be the Messiah promised to the Jews.
  • Believed to have been born of virgin birth, possibly of immaculate conception.
easter
Easter
  • Christianity is rooted in the belief that after his crucifixion, Jesus rose from the dead.
  • Holy Week of Easter coincides with Jewish Passover, except in the Eastern Orthodox traditions.
  • Sabbath on Sunday initially was a weekly commemoration of Easter.
schisms in christianity
Schisms in Christianity
  • 1054 “The Great Schism”
    • Divides Eastern and Western churches
  • 1517 “Protestant Reformation”
    • Martin Luther’s “95 Theses”
    • Begins in Germany, spreads through Europe
results of schisms
Results of Schisms
  • Roman Catholicism
  • Eastern Orthodoxy
  • Protestantism
roman catholicism
Roman Catholicism
  • Traces roots to first Christians
  • Pope: successor of St. Peter, a disciple of Jesus, ordained by Christ as the leader of the church
eastern orthodoxy
Eastern Orthodoxy
  • Schism mainly political as Byzantine Empire flourished in spite of fall of Roman Empire
  • Rejected clause being added to Nicene Creed that says Holy Spirit issues from both Father and Son
  • Reject immaculate conception, while retaining idea of virgin birth.
protestantism
Protestantism
  • Salvation comes through faith and God’s grace
  • Scripture is the ONLY supreme doctrine
  • Reject immaculate conception, assumption of Mary, clerical celibacy, purgatory, intercession of saints.
common ground for christians
Common Ground for Christians
  • Baptism
  • Eucharist/Communion
  • New Testament scriptures
  • Christmas and Easter
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