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The Cold War. American History. Introduction to The Cold War. What is a Cold War? Who fights in a Cold War? How do you fight a Cold War?. Battle of ideology Battle of culture Battle of values. Democratic vs. Totalitarian Western vs. Eastern, American vs. Soviet

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the cold war

The Cold War

American History

introduction to the cold war
Introduction to The Cold War
  • What is a Cold War?
  • Who fights in a Cold War?
  • How do you fight a Cold War?
what and who
Battle of ideology

Battle of culture

Battle of values

Democratic vs. Totalitarian

Western vs. Eastern, American vs. Soviet

Capitalist vs. Socialist

What? and Who?
weapons of a cold war
Weapons of a Cold War
  • Foreign Policy: Strategy
    • Truman Doctrine
  • Economic Aid: Loans, Investments
    • Marshall Plan
  • Alliances: Security Pacts, Organizations
    • NATO, Warsaw Pact
  • Technology: Military Weapons
    • Nuclear Weapons, Satellites
  • Propaganda: Radio, TV, News
  • Covert Warfare: Spies, Coups, Sabotage
us cold war foreign policy
US Cold War Foreign Policy
  • Advisory Organizations
  • Architects of Cold War Foreign Policy
  • “On the Sources of Soviet Conduct”
  • Containment
  • The Truman Doctrine
advisory organizations
Advisory Organizations
  • National Security Council – NSC - Comprised of Secretaries of Military branches, and Department of State & Defense
  • Department of Defense (1947) -- coordinates military & diplomatic activities.
  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) -- coordinates intelligence gathering bodies & conducts covert operations.
architects george marshall
Architects -- George Marshall
  • Appointed Secretary of State in 1947. Was Army Chief of Staff during WWII. Driving force behind the plan for the economic recovery of Europe.
architects dean acheson
Architects -- Dean Acheson
  • Appointed Undersecretary of State by Marshall. Would eventually succeed Marshall as Secretary of State.
architects george kennan
Architects -- George Kennan
  • Kennan was a career foreign service officer who had become an expert on the Soviet Union.
  • Deputy to George Marshall
  • Wrote “On the Sources of Soviet Conduct,” under the pen-name “X” which became the basis of the US “Containment” strategy.
on the sources of soviet conduct
“On the Sources of Soviet Conduct”
  • Soviet paranoia of foreign hostility
  • Need for unlimited domestic authority
  • Promotion of revolutions abroad to justify Communist control of Soviet Union
  • Therefore, US Policy must be that of “long-term, patient, but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansion.”
the truman doctrine
The “Truman Doctrine”
  • “Containments” first test
  • Britain unable to support Greece & Turkey
  • USSR demands land concessions from Turkey
  • US to fill British role
  • Truman requests $400 million & military advisors towards defeating communist insurgents.
containment china
Containment -- CHINA
  • Nationalist Chinese, led by Chiang Kai-shek at war with Communist Chinese, led by Mao Zedong.
  • US supports Chiang
  • Chiang’s corruption devastates economy
containment china1
Containment -- CHINA
  • People rally behind Mao, who promises an end to inflation
  • Soviets back Mao
  • Chiang forced to island of Taiwan in 1949
  • People’s Republic of China is established
containment china2
Containment -- CHINA
  • US Response: 1) Refused to recognize the People’s Republic 2) Signed peace treaty with Japan, granting rights for US military bases in Japan
summary
Summary
  • A Cold War is a battle of ideologies, values, and cultures fought with non-military weapons designed to undermine the enemy’s claims of legitimacy.
  • US Cold War foreign policy is guided by the “Truman Doctrine” of containment
  • Containment faced its first test in Greece, Turkey, and the Communist revolution in China
slide16
Quiz:
  • The cold war was a battle of what three areas?

Ideology, culture, values

  • Name one of the weapons of the cold war

Foreign Policy, Economic Aid, Alliances, Technology,

Propaganda,Covert Warfare

  • Name one of the advisory organizations

NSC, Department of Defense, CIA

  • What was the name given to the foreign policy strategy toward communism?

Containment

  • What the doctrine that was used first to enforce this policy?

Truman Doctrine