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New Ideas influence the Colonies. Chapter 3 Section 3 (Part 2). The Enlightenment. The Enlightenment was a renaissance movement in which people concluded the world was governed by law of math and science not by chance or miracles Copernicus, Galileo Galilei , Isaac Newton

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new ideas influence the colonies
New Ideas influence the Colonies

Chapter 3 Section 3 (Part 2)

the enlightenment
The Enlightenment
  • The Enlightenment was a renaissance movement in which people concluded the world was governed by law of math and science not by chance or miracles
  • Copernicus, Galileo Galilei , Isaac Newton
  • Science vs. Religion and Natural Rights
enlightenment in the colonies
Enlightenment in the colonies
  • Because Literacy was high in the colonies (esp. New England)

Many colonists read about and were influenced by enlightenment ideas

  • Ben Franklin was greatly influenced by the Enlightenment, he conducted science experiments including his famous key in a storm proving lightening was electrical power
colonial figures
Colonial Figures
  • Thomas Jefferson was also influenced by the enlightenment
  • He concluded that humans had natural rights, certain rights people had which governments

could not take away.

jonathan edwards
Jonathan Edwards
  • Jonathan Edwards was a Puritan preacher who emphasized the personal side of religion. (you decide if you go to heaven

(Unlike Predestination)

  • His sermons are published and widely read by colonists.
quote from edwards famous sermon
Quote from Edwards famous sermon

“[It is] God that holds you over the pit of hell, much as one holds a spider: his wrath towards you burns like a fire; he looks upon you as worthy of nothing else but to be cast into the fire;…and yet it is nothing but His hand that hold you from falling into the fire every moment”

Very graphic description; You control your own fate

the great awakening
The Great Awakening
  • In the 1730s and 1740s religion in the colonies changed
  • The Great Awakening was a religious revival.

Religion changes from the old puritan way of a minister preaching to simpler, more emotional style.

great awakening cont
Great Awakening Cont.
  • Religion is more accessible to the common man.
  • New dominations spring up such as Baptist and Methodist.
  • Native Americans and African Americans are included in organized churches.
new colleges formed
New Colleges formed
  • More church members required more ministers
  • Colleges formed to train ministers include Princeton (1746) Columbia (1754) Dartmouth (1769) and Brown (1764)