The New England Colonies • The colonists who settled in New England sought to practice their religion as they saw fit.
Puritans and Separatists • In England, all people were required to follow the rules of the Church of England • Puritans- they argued that the Church Of England should be “ purified” by getting rid of all the Catholic practices. • Separatists-a person who refused to accept the authority of the Church of England. They believed that the church should only perform Baptism and Communion
Separatists Flee • Separatists fled to the Netherlands, but felt their children were forgetting English customs, so they decided to go to North America • Pilgrims- Separatists that founded the Plymouth Colony
The Mayflower • September 1620, 41 Pilgrims(Separatists) boarded the Mayflower, and set sail for Virginia. • Bad weather and mistakes by the ship’s captain caused them to land in Plymouth Massachusetts. • Since they were outside Virginia territory, the Pilgrims decided to sign the Mayflower Compact before they left the ship-an agreement to set up the colony’s first government.
Colonists meet Native Americans • Massassoit(leader of the Wampanoag)visited Plymouth with Squanto and helped the colonists survive the winter by teaching them how to rake clams, and grow pumpkins and corn, and where to hunt deer and beaver. • In the Fall, the colonists and the Wampanoag gathered to celebrate the colonist’s first harvest, which became known as Thanksgiving • Brainpop video
The “ Great Migration” • Some Puritans felt they needed to leave England to purify their faith. • In 1628, the first group of Puritans came to Massachusetts. Over the next 10 years, 20,000 Puritans left England and came to Massachusetts in what became known as the “ Great Migration”
The Massachusetts Bay Colony • The Puritans settled in a harbor that they named Boston. • The Puritans came well prepared, were bettereducated, and wealthier than the Pilgrims. • They sailed in March so they had time to plant crops • They selected John Winthrop as their governor before leaving England. • In 1691, the Plymouth colony and the Massachusetts Bay colony united as Massachusetts
The New England Way • The Puritan congregation was their government. • By law, everyone had to attend church. • The New England Way- emphasized duty, godliness, hard work, and honesty. • Puritan Law required that all children learn how to read, in order to read the Bible.
Intolerance Leads to New Colonies • Roger Williams believed in separating church and government affairs. • He was banned from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, so he and a few followers moved south and formed a settlement called Providence. • Anne Hutchinson was banned and formed Portsmouth • Portsmouth and Providence eventually formed the colony of Rhode Island
Connecticut • Founded by people who disagreed with Puritan rule • Thomas Hooker led the formation of Connecticut • He believed men of all religions should be allowed to take part in the government
New Hampshire • Formed in 1679 by people who sought more freedom and better farmland. They hoped for better fishing and fur trade
Trade and the start of Slavery • New England land was hilly and rocky, with thick forests. • The climate was very cold, and the surrounding waters were full of fish. • Contained several good harbors for ships to load and unload goods. • Triangular Trade-triangle-shaped trade routes among the colonies, the West Indies, Africa, and Europe.