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Chapter 4, Section 1. The new England Colonies. Puritans in Massachusetts. Puritans: wanted to reform the Church of England John Winthrop; Puritan leader Different from the Pilgrims that wanted to separate entirely from the England church Called for simpler forms of worship

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The new England Colonies

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puritans in massachusetts
Puritans in Massachusetts
  • Puritans: wanted to reform the Church of England
  • John Winthrop; Puritan leader
    • Different from the Pilgrims that wanted to separate entirely from the England church
    • Called for simpler forms of worship
      • Do away with practices borrowed from the Catholic Church
        • Organ music and special clothes for priests
reasons for leaving england
Reasons for leaving England
  • Charles I became King in 1625 disliked the Puritans
    • Took away Puritan business charters
    • Expelled them from Universities
    • Few were jailed
reasons for leaving england1
Reasons for leaving England
  • Massachusetts Bay Company: plan was to build a new society in New England
    • Based on the law of God as they appeared in the Bible
  • Some people joined colonist for economic reasons not because of religious persecution
    • In England the oldest son inherited the family land
      • Younger sons had little hope of owning land
      • Massachusetts Bay offered cheap land or a chance to start their own business
settling in
Settling in
  • John Winthrop was chosen as the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
    • He worked as hard as everyone else
      • Built a home, cleared land, plant crops
voters elect as assembly
Voters elect as assembly
  • Winthrop and other stockholders granted the right to vote to all men who were members of the church
    • Determined to keep non-Puritans out of government
  • General Court: elected representatives
  • 1629-1640 more than 20,000 me, women, and children journeyed from England to Massachusetts known as the Great Migration
    • Many settled in Boston which grew into the colony’s largest town
settling connecticut
Settling Connecticut
  • Thomas Hooker and about 100 settlers left Massachusetts Bay and settled near the Connecticut River in a town they name Hartford
    • Left because he believed the governor and other officials had too much power
    • Wanted a colony in Connecticut with laws that set strict limits on government
settling connecticut1
Settling Connecticut
  • Fundamental orders of Connecticut: plan of government
    • Much like government of Massachusetts
    • 2 important differences
      • 1. Gave voting rights to all men who were property owners (including non church members)
      • 2. Limited the governor’s power
settling connecticut2
Settling Connecticut
  • 1662 15 towns were thriving along the Connecticut River
    • Became a separate colony with a charted granted by the king of England
toleration in rhode island
Toleration in Rhode Island
  • Roger Williams believed that the Puritan church had too much power in Massachusetts
    • Believed the business of church and state should be kept separate
      • State should not support a particular church
  • Toleration: a willingness to let others practices their own beliefs
toleration in rhode island1
Toleration in Rhode Island
  • 1635 Massachusetts General Court ordered Williams to leave the colony
    • Fearing the court would send him back to England he fled to Narrragansett
    • He spent the winter there with Indians
    • They sold him land for a settlement
      • After several years it became the colony of Rhode Island
toleration in rhode island2
Toleration in Rhode Island
  • Williams allowed complete freedom of religion for all Protestant, Jews, and Catholics
  • Did not require settlers to attend church
  • Gave all white men the right to vote
  • Settlers who disliked the strict Puritan rule of Massachusetts flocked to Rhode Island
the trial of anne hutchinson
The Trial of Anne Hutchinson
  • Anne Hutchinson lived in Massachusetts.
    • She had 14 children
    • Worked as a midwife helping deliver babies
forbidden message
Forbidden Message
  • Hutchinson often held Bible readings in her home
  • After church she and her friends gathered to discuss the ministers message
    • Sometimes as many as 50 or 60 people flocked to her home
  • Hutchinson started expressing her own views on what the minister had said
    • Seeming to criticize
forbidden message1
Forbidden Message
  • Puritan leaders grew angry
    • Hutchinson opinions were full of religious errors
    • Women did not have the right to explain god’s law
on trial
On trial
  • After two days of questioning Hutchison told the court that god directly spoke to her
    • Puritans believed that god spoke only through the bible not directly to individuals
      • Court ordered her out of the colony
relations with native americans
Relations with Native Americans
  • In 1680 King of England made costal settlements into a separate colony named New Hampshire
  • As more colonists settled in New England fighting broke out between white settlers and Indian nations
  • 1675 Wampanoag Indians led by chief Metacom attacked colonial villages throughout New England
fighting lasted 15 months
Fighting lasted 15 months
  • In the end Metacom was captured and killed
  • His family and about 1000 other Indians were sold into slavery in the West Indies
a life of hard work farms forests and seas
A Life of Hard Work; Farms, forests, and seas
  • New England’s rocky soil was poor for farming
    • Settlers learned to grow Native American crops
      • Corn, beans squash, pumpkins
a life of hard work farms forests and seas1
A Life of Hard Work; Farms, forests, and seas
  • Forest were full of riches
    • Hunted wild turkey and deer
    • In spring they collected sweet sap from maple trees
    • Settlers cut trees and floated them to port cities where shipbuilding centers grew
    • Fished for cod and halibut; oysters and lobsters
    • Hunted whales
    • Supplied them with oil and ivory
tightly knit towns and village
Tightly knit towns and village
  • Puritans believed people should worship and take care of local matters as a community
  • Became very close
  • On Sundays no one was allowed to play games, joke, talk or drink,
  • All citizens were required to attend church services
  • Women sat on one side, men sat on the other
  • Blacks and Indians stood in the balcony
  • Children had separate pews
tightly knit towns and village1
Tightly knit towns and village
  • Children had separate pews
    • Punished if they played made faces or laughed
  • Lawbreakers faced severe punishment
    • One crime punishable by death was witchcraft
      • 1692 Puritans executed 20 men and women as witches in Salem Village Massachusetts