Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
INCEPTION WORKSHOP BACKGROUND PAPER BIOSAFETY IMPLEMENTATION PROJECT FOR ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT GEF/UNEP. DR. NERMEEN EL-TAYEB ASSISTANT TO THE INTERIM PROJECT COORDINATOR PROFES. DR. MOSTAFA FOUDA. EGYPTIAN ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS AGENCY CAIRO HOUSE, CAIRO,JULY 9-10,2007.
DR. NERMEEN EL-TAYEB
ASSISTANT TO THE INTERIM PROJECT COORDINATOR
PROFES. DR. MOSTAFA FOUDA
EGYPTIAN ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS AGENCY
CAIRO HOUSE, CAIRO,JULY 9-10,2007
The central material of biotechnology is the so called “Genetically Modified Organism” GMOs, also referred to as “Living Modified Organisms” LMOs
Potential applications for biotechnologies are broad
Countries which fail to exploit the technology, will suffer severely in terms of lost income and export potential.
1- Risks to the biological diversity in the environment which are often irreversible
2- Risks to human health
3- Risks to the socio-economic integrity of a community
4- Risks to the political sovereignty of a country
Biosafety aspects of biotechnology were among the issues addressed by the convention. (Articles 8 & 19).
In January 2000 the conference of the parties of the CBD agreed on an international framework for biosafety which it called the "Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety" (CPB) which entered force in September 2003. Egypt ratified the protocol in December 2003
The protocol establishes a harmonized set of rules and procedures for the regulation of movement of LMOs from one country to another.
Among other highlights of the articles of the Protocol are those dealing with:
1. Option for special regulations for LMOs intended for direct use as food, feed and for processing
2. Establishing a Biosafety Clearing House (BCH)
3. Channels for public participation
4. Provisions for liability and redress for damages
5. Consideration of socioeconomic concerns
6. need to be in harmony with trade
7. Set protocols for risk assessment and risk management
1-Ministerial Decree No. 85 (January 25, 1995) ; Ministerial Decree No. 136 (February 7, 1995) adopted biosafety regulations and guidelines for Egypt.
It does not specify procedures, responsibilities, enforcement or penalties
2- Decree No. 242 for 1997 was issued by the Ministry of Health. Again it did not specify procedures, responsibilities, enforcement or penalties
3- Law No. 4 of 1994, was approved well before the issues of GMOs were considered, and has not been amended since.
Three cardinal principles govern the regulation system.
1. The application of the Precautionary Principle adopted at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992
2. Recognition that GMOs are distinct and intrinsically different from natural organisms
3. The right of the community to know the source of the material being made available through appropriate segregation and labeling of GMOs.
1. Objectives and scope (5 articles, covering the handling, use and intentional release of LMOs into the environment including exemptions)
2. Permit procedures (10 articles, including information required in the application;
3. Constitution of the Supreme Committee on Intentional Release of Genetically Engineered Products into the Environment (SCIRGEPE) its responsibilities and procedures (9 articles including appointment by the Prime Minister for 3 years; one member will be nominated by each of the relevant Ministries
4. Penalties (5 articles including penalties for violation of the law by applicants, non-applicants and government officials; penalties for submission of inaccurate or incomplete information; penalties in case the violation results in loss of human life; authorization of inspectors, the rights to report violations extended to civil society)
TO ASSIST EGYPT TO HAVE FUNCTIONAL: (4 PROJECT COMPONENTS)
1- responsive regulatory regime in line with CPB and national needs.
2- system for handling requests, performing risk assessment, decision-making, performing administrative tasks, handling, storing and exchanging information in line with the BCH requirements.
3- system for “follow-up”, namely monitoring of environmental effects, detection and certification.
4- system for public awareness, education, participation and access to information.
The general approach to the achievement of the objectives is through the involvement of the stakeholders making sure of their ownership of the project and its outputs. The mechanism involves:
1- Data collection
2- Identification of gaps
3- Exchange of views
4 -Drafting rules and their review by stakeholders
5- Finalization of the rules
Component A : The Regulatory Regime
Component B: Handling of requests
Component C: Systems for follow-up
Component D: Public Information and Participation
The main stakeholders are
Ministry of Health
Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs
Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation
Ministry of Scientific Research and Technology
Ministry of Higher Education
Ministry of Industry
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Trade
The Civil Society
The Private Sector