Japan & the Koreas Chapter #28 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Japan & the Koreas Chapter #28

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  1. Japan & the KoreasChapter #28

  2. I. Japan • A. Physical Geo: • Four main islands: • Hokkaido • Shikoku • Kyushu • Honshu • Most populated island in Pacific • 70% of area is mountainous • Commercial forestry is LIMITED! • Lies on a subduction zone • Earthquakes that lead to… • Tsunamis = • Large sea waves (“Harbor wave”) • No major natural or energy resources • Oil & Coal? • Led to empire expansion (WWII)

  3. Earthquake: March 11, 2011, 8.9 magnitude w/tsunami • Video

  4. B. Modern History • Portuguese, Spanish, & Dutch (1500s) • Missionary activity led to Euro dismissal • Closed Door Policy (1638-1853) • 1853: Matthew C. Perry (U.S. Navy)

  5. Modernization of Japan (early 1900s) • Japan’s sphere of influence spread • Took Taiwan, Korea, Manchuria, & others • Needed RAW MATERIALS & military bases • Japan’s WWII allies: • Germany & Italy

  6. Attacked Pearl Harbor (1941) • Hiroshima & Nagasaki (Aug. 1945) • Post WWII Japan • American occupation (1945-1955) • US technology patents to Japan (transistor) • Japan improved these technologies • Japanese economic miracle = post WWII economic growth • Acted as counterweight to USSR influence • Adopted democratic govt. • constitutional monarchy w/Diet

  7. World’s 3rd largest economy • 3rd in automobiles & 1st electronics • Work ethic: • Belief that work has moral value • Employee loyalty = lifetime employment • Success & failure of company is reflection of its workers • Karoshi: • Death from overwork • Export economy: • Goods are produced for export, not domestic use • Trade surplus: • When a country exports more than it imports

  8. II. Korea • Post WWII Korea? • North = communist (USSR) • South = democratic (US) • Border = 38th parallel • Korean War • 1950: North invades South • US pushed North back • 1953: armistice was signed • 38th parallel became the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) • Buffer zone in which no opposing armies may enter • fortified & tense

  9. A. North Korea • People are isolated • Strict communist country under Kim Jong Un (Supreme Leader) • Command economy • Inefficient state owned farms & factories b/c of… • Large military spending (>33% of GDP) • Most people live in poverty (rely on UN aid since USSR collapse)

  10. Cult of Personality of Kim Il-Sung

  11. B. South Korea • Democratic govt. w/free market economy • Post WWII: received aid from US • “Asian Tiger” (export economy)