Rebuilding Japan After WWII, The Korean War, and The Vietnam War. Rebuilding Japan After World War II. Japan Surrenders. In 1945, the United States dropped atomic bombs on two Japanese cities- Hiroshima and Nagasaki . The Japanese finally admitted defeat and surrendered.
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were dropped on
Nagasaki by the
U.S. in August
and after the
The US policy to stop Communism from spreading to other countries
The belief that if one country fell to Communism, other countries would followAmerican Involvement
This map is from an American magazine from 1950. This shows how much the US feared communism in the far east.
It would fight with the South Korean army.
Commanded by an American General – Douglas MacArthur
MacArthur was later fired by Truman for getting the Chinese involved in the war. MacArthur wanted to use nuclear weapons on the Chinese.
Soviets sold Chinese military equipment, including artillery and MIG fighter planes.
The USSR also provided advisers and military hardware to the North Koreans.
Soviet pilots flew MIGs against US planes.
However, Stalin was unwilling to become involved with the United States in a war over Korea.
The US provided the majority of the UN military forces which drove the North Koreans out of South Korea and still stand guard along the border. The US moved their troops into South Korea quickly.
The US and the Soviets agreed to divide Korea temporarily to avoid long term decisions regarding Korea's future.
Although the United States took the lead in the Korean action, it did so under the order of the United Nations.
Designed to insure an end to warfare and all acts of armed force in Korea until a definitive peaceful could be achieved
It was signed on July 27,1953
Covered issues such as
exchange of prisoners of war
- location of a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)
Intended as a temporary measure, but the 38th parallel remains standing even today.The Korean War Armistice
[Supported by China and the USSR]
[Supported by the US]