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World War II. Goal 10. Nazis ( nat-zees). Nazi Rise to Power. What do you know about the Treaty of Versailles? Young radical named Adolf Hitler joins National Socialist Party (Nazi); tries revolution in early 1920s Arrested and jailed

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Presentation Transcript
nazi rise to power
Nazi Rise to Power
  • What do you know about the Treaty of Versailles?

Young radical named Adolf Hitler joins National Socialist Party (Nazi); tries revolution in early 1920s

    • Arrested and jailed
    • Writes book called Mein Kampf; blames Jews & Communists
  • Nazi Party gains more power after Great Depression hits the world in 1929-30
natzees continued
Natzees Continued
  • Hitler & Nazis gain control of German government LEGALLY in 1933
    • Set up “Third Reich” (fascism - nationalistic, racist, dictatorship)
    • Nazis begin “educating” youth of Germany
    • Start eliminating political competition
    • Start persecuting Jews
      • Nuremburg laws Anti-Semitic Laws
natzees take over
Natzees take over…
  • Italy has fascist government under Benito Mussolini; begins to ally with Hitler
  • Japan gains power; invades Manchuria in 1931 & invades China in 1937
  • Hitler begins to break Treaty of Versailles
    • Begins troop buildup & military buildup
    • Sends troops into Rhineland in 1936 (French & GB do nothing)
  • Hitler takes control of Austria in 1938
  • Hitler threatens to take Sudetenland (NW Czechoslovakia)
  • Munich Conference (1938)
    • British use policy of appeasement; agree to give Sudetenland in exchange for no further aggression
    • Neville Chamberlin (British Prime Minister) “We’ve achieved peace in our time.”
  • Hitler takes rest of Czechoslovakia in Spring 1939
who vs who this time
Who vs. Who this time?
  • Axis Powers
    • Germany
    • Japan
    • Italy
  • Allies
    • England
    • France (before defeat)
    • U.S.
    • USSR
    • China
america pre war years 1939 1941
America: Pre-War Years, 1939-1941
  • Cash & Carry
    • Sept. 1939: allowed warring nations to buy US arms; must pay cash & transport own goods
  • Tripartite Pact
    • Establishes the Axis Powers
    • Sept. 1940: Germany, Italy, Japan sign
  • Lend/Lease Act
    • 1941: British out of cash; US lends/leases goods
    • US also provides aide to Soviet Union
pre war continued
Pre War Continued
  • German U-Boats
    • U-boats attack US ships (1941)
    • Roosevelt orders Navy to fight back IF attacked
  • Japan attacks US
    • US cut off trade to Japan (including oil) to persuade them to stop expansion in Pacific
    • Japan attacks Pearl Harbor Dec. 7, 1941
    • US declares war on Japan; Italy & Germany declare war on US
war at home
5 Million Americans volunteered for military service

10 Million more drafted via Selective Service

US industry converts to complete war-time production

War Production Board (WPB) regulates industries for war-time production

Women join workforce (Rosie the Riveter)

Government sets up Office of Price Administration (OPA)

Price freezes set up to regulate economy

US citizens begin rationing materials; most for military use

Propaganda used to convince citizens to help

War at Home
anti japanese
  • US discriminates against Japanese-Americans
    • Internment camps set up for Japanese-Americans on West Coast
    • 110,000+ relocated from homes to concentration camps
    • Most are native born
    • Korematsu v. United States, 1944 – Supreme Court rules in favor of US gov’t
  • Pacific
    • Japan continues expansion in Pacific while US is weak (after Pearl Harbor)
    • Japan takes Philippines from US in early 1942
      • General Douglas McArthur vows “I shall return”
      • Troops suffer Bataan Death March
  • Atlantic/Europe
    • US suffers many early attacks by German U-Boats
    • Stalin urges US & British to invade Europe in 1942
    • Instead US & British attack North Africa (Nov. 42)
      • Allies defeat Germans in N.Africa by May 1943
    • Attack next moves into Italian Peninsula in 1943
major battles europe
***Major Battles-Europe***
  • Stalingrad
    • Aug.1942-Feb.1943; Turning Point of WWII
  • Normandy/D-Day
    • June 6, 1944; Massive allied invasion into France
  • Battle of the Bulge
    • Last German effort to stop Allied advance from West (Ardennes)
major battles pacific
Major Battles-Pacific
  • Midway ***
  • Guadalcanal
  • Leyte Gulf
  • Iwo Jima***
  • Okinawa
end of the war
End of the War
  • FDR dies April 12, 1945, Truman takes over.
  • Europe
    • Soviets lay siege to Berlin in April 1945
    • Hitler and many top Nazi leaders commit suicide
    • Germans finally surrender on May 8, 1945
  • Pacific
    • Japanese refuse to surrender
    • Manhattan Project - US develops atomic bomb Dr. Robert Oppenhiemer
    • US decided to use bombs on Japan, hoping to force surrender
    • Aug.6, 1945 US drops “Little Boy” on Hiroshima
      • Up to 145,000 killed
    • Aug.9, 1945 US drops “Fat Man” on Nagasaki
      • Up to 75,000 killed
    • Aug.15, Japan announces decision to surrender, officially doing so on Sept. 2, 1945
after effects
After Effects
  • Yalta Conference (Feb. 1945)
    • United Nations created; tensions between Allies begin over post-War Eastern Europe (democracy or communism)
  • Potsdam Conference (July 1945)
    • Germany divided into 4 occupation zones; leads to communist East Germany and democratic West Germany
  • Nuremburg Trials
    • High ranking Nazi officers put on trial for war crimes
    • Highest ranking officer (Goering) sentenced to death; commits suicide before being executed
  • Japan Rebuilt
    • US rebuilds Japan, establishing a constitution/democratic gov’t
  • Cold War
    • Tensions between US & USSR continue until 1990 regarding spread of communism/democracy (Korea, Vietnam, Cuba, etc.)