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World War II

World War II

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World War II

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  1. World War II December 2, 2013

  2. World War II begins in Europe • World War II started in _____ when __________ invaded Poland • Adolf Hitler was trying to unite all countries with Germans living in them under his Nazi government • There were ___ groups fighting each other during the war • The ______ Powers were Germany, Italy, and Japan • The _______ Powers were Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union

  3. The U.S. in WWII • Just like with WWI, the U.S. remained _________ at the start of World War II • However, President Franklin Roosevelt wanted to help our ally, _______________ • There were laws, however, stating that the U.S. could not sell any weapons to any warring nations • In 1939, Roosevelt asked for and received a new law that allowed Allied Powers to _____ weapons if they paid ______ and carried them on their own ships

  4. Lend-Lease • In 1941, the British ran out of cash to buy American supplies. • In response, the U.S. began _________ or ___________ weapons to them • Also in 1941, Roosevelt gave lend-lease aid to the ________________

  5. American-Japanese Relations • To protest ____________ expansion in the Pacific Ocean, Roosevelt stopped exporting _________ supplies, including fuel, to Japan • Roosevelt also seized all _________ owned by Japanese in the U.S. • In retaliation, Japan decided to ______ at the U.S. Navy stationed at __________________________

  6. Pearl Harbor • Around 8 am, on ________________, sailors stationed at Pearl Harbor began hearing machine gun fire and low-level bombing • ___________ war planes were flying in, dropping bombs, and flying out again • The attack lasted _____ than 2 hours, but the damage was incredible to the U.S Navy’s Pacific fleet

  7. Damage at Pearl Harbor • There were 8 _____________ in port at the time, and all were destroyed or severely damaged • More than 180 ________ were destroyed • Over 2000 people were _______ and over 1000 were wounded • Almost half of the U.S. casualties were on board the _____________, which sank with most of the crew on board • Today, a national __________ is in place over the site of the Arizona’s sinking

  8. The U.S. enters World War II • On December 8, 1941, the U.S. declared war on ______ • A few days later, __________________ declared war on the U.S. • The U.S. joined the ________________ • This meant they had to fight on ____ fronts • They faced Germany and Italy in ________________ • They faced Japan in the _________

  9. World War II ends the Great Depression • In order to fight a war, weapons and other supplies are needed • When the U.S. began _____________ heavily in 1941 for defense, new plants and ___________ were opened • _____ were created, helping many who were still unemployed find a job • Others joined the ___________ • This allowed for ____________ recovery and unemployment numbers to go down and the economy _____________

  10. Georgia in WWII • Georgia played a ______ role in WWII • Not only did Georgia have _________ bases that played a part, but new ___________ were opened in Georgia to build military supplies • Georgia also had respected _________, both in state government as well as federal government

  11. Bell Aircraft • When the federal government decided to build more _______ bomber airplanes, new plants were needed • One of these was built in ___________ • When the plant first opened, only 1200 people were employed • By 1945, _________ employees built 60-65 planes a month • The plant closed after the war, but was reopened in 1950 by the Lockheed Martin Corporation and is still open today

  12. Military Bases in Georgia • Major military bases in Georgia played a role in WWII • Fort __________ trained new infantry soldiers • Fort ____________ received new draftees from all over the country • Airmen from _____________________, on the coast, patrolled for German submarines • A military ___________ operated in Atlanta, Fort __________ was used for storage, and _____________ of war were held at Fort Benning, as well as others around the state

  13. Savannah and Brunswick Shipyards • ________ ships, called “Liberty ships” for WWII were built at the shipyards at _________________________, on the Georgia coast • The first was launched in 1942 – the U.S.S. James Oglethorpe • All together, both shipyards had produced 187 ships by the end of the war

  14. Richard B. Russell • Russell became Georgia’s __________ in 1931 • He tried to run the state as a successful ___________, which helped ease some of the problems brought on by the _____________ • In 1932, he was elected to the _______________, where he supported strong ______________________ during WWII • He went on to become an advisor to 6 future ________________

  15. Carl Vinson • Carl Vinson served 25 consecutive terms in the ___________________________ from 1914 to 1965 • Vinson represented Georgia’s interest in the _________ during WWI and WWII • He helped promote a strong national _________, both during WWII and after • He retired to his farm in Milledgeville in 1965

  16. The Holocaust • Meanwhile, in Europe, Hitler believed that the German people were __________ to everyone else • He wanted to destroy others who he believed to be __________ • He particularly hated people of the __________ race • In 1942, Hitler ordered the _______________ of Europe’s entire population of Jews • Jews were captured and put into ______________ camps, like Auschwitz and Dachau • The ____________ is the mass murder of millions of Jews and other people by the Nazis during WWII

  17. Georgia Remembers the Holocaust • In 1986, the __________________________________ was established • The Commission tries to foster ___________, good _____________, and character development in young Georgians • It hopes to lead a new generation beyond _________

  18. Franklin Roosevelt’s Connection to Georgia • Roosevelt suffered from ________, which is a disease that damages the nervous system and can cause paralysis • In 1924, Roosevelt began visiting _______________, GA as treatment for his polio • When he became president, his Warm Springs house became known as the ____________________ • On ___________________, Roosevelt died while at the Little White House after suffering a _________

  19. The End of WWII • Roosevelt’s vice-president, _______________, became president after Roosevelt’s death • He guided the U.S. through the end of the war in Europe, with the death of Hitler and _____________ surrender in _____________ • He also made the decision to drop the atomic bombs on ________, ending the war in the Pacific in ____________________.

  20. Questions… • 1) Who were the 2 sides in WWII? • 2) Who were Axis Powers in WWII? • 3) Who were Allied Powers in WWII? • 4) How was the U.S. helping the Allied Powers before entering the war? • 5) Describe the Lend-Lease program. • 6) Why did the Japanese decide to attack Pearl Harbor? • 7) When was the attack at Pearl Harbor? • 8) Describe the damage after the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor. • 9) Which side did the U.S. fight on in WWII? • 10) How did WWII end the Great Depression? • 11) What type of plant was built in Marietta and what specifically did it build?

  21. More Questions… • 12) How were different military bases used in Georgia? Be specific! • 13) What was built at the Savannah and Brunswick shipyards during WWII? • 14) How did Richard Russell ease the Depression while he was governor? • 15) What did Russell support while he was in the U.S. Senate? • 16) What interest did Carl Vinson represent for Georgia during the WWI and WWII? • 17) What is the Holocaust? • 18) How does Georgia remember the Holocaust? • 19) Where did Roosevelt go in Georgia to ease his polio symptoms?

  22. Questions… • 1) Who were the 2 sides in WWII? • 2) Who were Axis Powers in WWII? • 3) Who were Allied Powers in WWII? • 4) How was the U.S. helping the Allied Powers before entering the war? • 5) Describe the Lend-Lease program. • 6) Why did the Japanese decide to attack Pearl Harbor? • 7) When was the attack at Pearl Harbor? • 8) Describe the damage after the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor. • 9) Which side did the U.S. fight on in WWII? • 10) How did WWII end the Great Depression? • 11) What type of plant was built in Marietta and what specifically did it build?

  23. More Questions… • 12) How were different military bases used in Georgia? Be specific! • 13) What was built at the Savannah and Brunswick shipyards during WWII? • 14) How did Richard Russell ease the Depression while he was governor? • 15) What did Russell support while he was in the U.S. Senate? • 16) What interest did Carl Vinson represent for Georgia during the WWI and WWII? • 17) What is the Holocaust? • 18) How does Georgia remember the Holocaust? • 19) Where did Roosevelt go in Georgia to ease his polio symptoms?

  24. Questions… • 1) Who were the 2 sides in WWII? • 2) Who were Axis Powers in WWII? • 3) Who were Allied Powers in WWII? • 4) How was the U.S. helping the Allied Powers before entering the war? • 5) Describe the Lend-Lease program. • 6) Why did the Japanese decide to attack Pearl Harbor? • 7) When was the attack at Pearl Harbor? • 8) Describe the damage after the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor. • 9) Which side did the U.S. fight on in WWII? • 10) How did WWII end the Great Depression? • 11) What type of plant was built in Marietta and what specifically did it build?

  25. More Questions… • 12) How were different military bases used in Georgia? Be specific! • 13) What was built at the Savannah and Brunswick shipyards during WWII? • 14) How did Richard Russell ease the Depression while he was governor? • 15) What did Russell support while he was in the U.S. Senate? • 16) What interest did Carl Vinson represent for Georgia during the WWI and WWII? • 17) What is the Holocaust? • 18) How does Georgia remember the Holocaust? • 19) Where did Roosevelt go in Georgia to ease his polio symptoms?