Figurative Language. Alliteration. Alliteration is the repetition of identical consonant sounds in words Example: “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.” Example: “ Tim took tons of tools to make toys for tots”. Apostrophe.
Example: “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.”
Example: “Tim took tons of tools to make toys for tots”
Example: In Oedipus Rex, Oedipus asks, “Oh Zeus! What plaything will you make of me?!”
“What is the boy now, who has lost his ball,What, what is he to do? I saw it go”
Example: “Fleet feet sweep by sleeping geese”
A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word.
Example: “A horse is a very stable animal.”
“An elephant’s opinion carries a lot of weight.”
“The trampoline was on sale for fifty cents…I jumped on the offer.”
A form of poetry that has no particular rhythm. Free verse can rhyme, but it does not have to.
“After the Sea-Ship—after the whistling winds;
After the white-gray sails, taut to their spars and ropes,
Below, a myriad, myriad waves, hastening, lifting up their necks,
Tending in ceaseless flow toward the track of the ship”
A mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing
Example: “That person is a few sandwiches short of a picnic”
Example: “Their brother’s soul is at rest now”
Example: “I carry your heart with me (I carry it inmy heart) I am never without it (anywhereI go you go, my dear; and whatever is doneby only me is your doing, my darling)”
Example: “Jennifer’s love of chocolate cake was her Achilles’ heel.”
Example: “…the burnt out ends of smoky days,
The stale cold smell of morning.
The withered leaves collect at my feet,
And the wind begins to moan”
Example: “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate”
Example: clang, buzz, twang
Example: “Although both Oedipus and Hector are tragic heroes, more readers admire Hector for his bravery and loyalty.”
A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not clear from those of the individual words
Example: “Don’t count your chickens before they hatch”
Example: “The repairs on the house are costing us an arm and a leg”
Example: DaylightSee the dew on the sunflowerAnd a rose that is fadingRoses whither awayLike the sunflowerI yearn to turn my face to the dawnI am waiting for the day . . . MidnightNot a sound from the pavementHas the moon lost her memory?She is smiling aloneIn the lamplightThe withered leaves collect at my feetAnd the wind begins to moan
Example: “What a nice dress!” vs. “Uh yeah. Nice dress there…real nice.”
Example: “Men's words are bullets that their enemies take up and make use of against them."
A statement or proposition that leads to a conclusion that seems contradictory and logically unacceptable
Example: “I can resist anything but temptation”
Example: “Nobody goes to that restaurant because it is too crowded”
Example: “You eat like a pig.”
“You play basketball like a professional”
“This room is as bright as a sunny day.”
“The sun kissed the flowers.”
“The leaves were dancing in the wind.”
Example: “Shall I compare thee to a summers’ day?”
An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning.
Example: “For some students, ‘homework’ is a four-letter word.”
The literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests.
“And neither the angels in Heaven above,
Nor the demons under the sea
Can dissever my soul from the soul
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee.”
Example: “I was so tired, I could have slept all year.”
“If you don’t clean your room, your mom is going to kill you.”
“If you don’t read Jane Eyre,
Miss Hasholian put a million
questions on the final exam.”
Example: “My cousins from France are coming to the U.S.”
“My cousins from France are coming to America.”
Example: “Integrity without knowledge is weak and useless;
Knowledge without integrity is dangerous and dreadful.”
Example: “That girl is pretty ugly.”
“She is a little pregnant.”
“This pie tastes awfully good.”
“I got that math problem almost exactly correct.”
Example: In the Harry Potter books, there is an allegorical character named Draco Malfoy.
Example: In Hard Times, Charles Dickens creates a character named Mr. McChoackumchild.
Example: “Fish are to water as birds are to sky.”
“Fork is to food as saw is to wood”
Good morning! Good morning!
We’ve slept the whole night through.
Good morning! Good morning!
To you and you and you and you!
The first line has 5 syllables
The second line has 7 syllables
The third line has 5 syllables
The first, second and last lines have 8 or 9 syllables
The third and fourth lines have 5 or 6 syllables
A sonnet is a 14 line poem with a very specific structure.
A sonnet has three stanzas, each with four lines with every other line rhyming.
Each line in a sonnet is ten syllables long
The last two lines of a sonnet is a couplet.
Meter: the basic rhythm structure of a poem
Iamb: a metrical foot consisting of one stressed and one unstressed syllable.
Iambic Pentameter: the name given to a line of verse that consists of five iambs
Quatrain: Four lines of a sonnet
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? a
Thou art more lovely and more temperate. b
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, a
And summer's lease hath all too short a date. b
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, c
And often is his gold complexion dimmed; d
And every fair from fair sometime declines, c
By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimmed; d
But thy eternal summer shall not fade, e
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st, f
Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade, e
When in eternal lines to Time thou grow'st. f
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, g
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. g