Figurative Language Making what we read and write “sing”
Imagery • Using the five senses to describe (descriptive language, lots of adjectives)
Example The breeze from the kitchen brought the sweet smell of cinnamon and summer peaches, reminding her of her childhood.
Clues • Uses lots of adjectives • Makes you feel as if you are there • All about “visualization”
Simile Metaphor Comparing two unlike things by using “like” or “as” Ex. She loved so completely, it was as if she could wrap us in its warmth. Comparing two unlike things as to suggest a similarity between the two (does not use like or as) Ex. She cocooned us in the warmth of her love.
What type? Examples Her hair was like silk. His eyes shined like stars in the night sky.
Whattype? Examples She was a beacon of light in the vast darkness that consumed me. His eyes were dark pools reflecting nothing.
Alliteration • The repetition of consonants within close words Examples: • Peter piper picked a pack of pickled peppers. • The wild and wooly walrus waits and wonders when we will walk by.
Personification • Giving human like traits to plants animals and ideas • It is meant to evoke emotion.
Examples The teddy bear smiled as the boy held him close. The tree seemed to dance to the breath of the wind.
Onomatopoeia • Writing the way something sounds Examples: BOOM!, hisss, buzzzz, woof
Hyperbole • A big exaggeration! • Usually meant to be humorous Examples: • It was a mile high ice cream cone. • The dog was so large he could have swallowed me whole!
Idioms • Phrases particular to a culture • Can not be translated literally Examples: • She sings at the top of her lungs. • It is raining cats and dogs.