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Figurative Language

Figurative Language

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Figurative Language

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  1. Figurative Language Figuring it Out

  2. Figurative and Literal Language • Literally: words function exactly as defined • The car is blue. • He caught the football. • Figuratively: figure out what it means • I’ve got your back. • It’s raining cats and dogs.

  3. Simile • Comparison of two things using “like” or “as.” • Examples: • The metal twisted like a pretzel. • She is as sweet as candy. • He eats like a pig.

  4. ImPORTANT! • Using “like” or “as”doesn’t make a simile. • A comparison must be made. • Not a Simile: I like pizza. • Simile:The moon is like a pizza.

  5. METAPHOR • Two things are compared without using “like” or “as.” • Examples: • All the world is a stage. • My brother is a pig. • She has a stone heart.

  6. PERSONIFICATION Giving human traits to objects or ideas. Examples: The sunlightdanced. Water on the lake shivers. The streets are calling me.

  7. HYPERBOLE • Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect. • Examples: • This class is taking forever. • My house is a million miles from here. • She’d kill me.

  8. UNDERSTATEMENT • Making something seem smaller or less significant. • The opposite of hyperbole. • EXAMPLES: • I’ll be there in one second. • I kind of forgot my homework. • This won’t hurt a bit.

  9. QUIZ • On a separate sheet of paper… • Write your NAME and CLASS (i.e. 6A) • I will give an example. • You will write what type of figurative language it is. (i.e. simile) • *Spelling counts. • 4. You MAYuse your notes.

  10. 1 • He drew a line as straight as an arrow. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

  11. 2 • Knowledge is a kingdom and all who learn are kings and queens. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

  12. 3 • Can I see you for a second? Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

  13. 4 • The sun was beating down on me. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

  14. 5 • The flag flies like a kite in the sky. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

  15. 6 • I'd rather take bathswith a man-eating shark,or wrestle a lionalone in the dark,eat spinach and liver,pet ten porcupines,than tackle the homework,my teacher assigns. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

  16. 7 Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement • Ravenous and savagefrom its longpolar journey,the North Windis searchingfor food—

  17. 8 The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

  18. 9 • Can I have one of your chips? Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

  19. 10 • In a house the size of a postage stamp
lived a man as big as a barge.
His mouth could drink the entire river
You could say it was rather large
For dinner he would eat a trillion beans
And a silo full of grain,
Washed it down with a tanker of milk
As if he were a drain. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

  20. Let’s REview • Correct any answers you got wrong.

  21. 1 • He drew a line as straight as an arrow. It is… simile Define

  22. 2 • Knowledge is a kingdom and all who learn are kings and queens. It is… metaphor Define

  23. 3 • Can I see you for a second? It is… understatement Define

  24. 4 • The sun was beating down on me. It is… personification Define

  25. 5 • The flag flies like a kite in the sky. It is… simile Define

  26. 6 • I'd rather take bathswith a man-eating shark,or wrestle a lionalone in the dark,eat spinach and liver,pet ten porcupines,than tackle the homework,my teacher assigns. It is… hyperbole Define

  27. 7 • Ravenous and savagefrom its longpolar journey,the North Windis searchingfor food— It is… personification Define

  28. 8 The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. It is… metaphor Define

  29. 9 • Can I have one of your chips? It is… understatement Define

  30. 10 It is… hyperbole • In a house the size of a postage stamp
lived a man as big as a barge.
His mouth could drink the entire river
You could say it was rather large
For dinner he would eat a trillion beans
And a silo full of grain,
Washed it down with a tanker of milk
As if he were a drain. Define

  31. Practice Activity • With a partner, you will create two of each of the five types of figurative language. • * You will be sharing one of each with the class. • * They can be phrases you have heard before, but they can’t be ones we used as examples when we were learning about them.

  32. Reminders • Simile: Comparison using “like” or “as” • Metaphor: Comparison WITHOUT “like” or “as” • Personification: Giving human traits to objects or ideas. • Hyperbole: Using exaggeration to express strong emotion. • Understatement: Making something seem smaller or less significant. (Opposite of Hyperbole.)