Figurative Language Non-literal speech or writing that achieves a special meaning or effect. (It does not mean what it says!) Makes writing more descriptive!
Literal Meaning • Means exactly what it says! • “Go sit down.” literally means that I want you to sit down.
SIMILE • Comparison between two unlike things, using likeoras. • Examples: What two things are being compared? 1. Moths stream toward light like litter in the wind. 2. Life is like a box of chocolates; you never know what you are going to get. 3. His heart is as cold as ice.
METAPHOR Comparison between two unlike things without using like or as. • Examples: The kids were monsters for the babysitter. My math homework was a never-ending race that I was no where near completing. My college roommate was a pig.
HYPERBOLE • Over-exaggeration • Examples: 1. My aunt lives a million, billion miles away. 2. I will just die if you don’t let me go to the dance! 3. I laughed so hard I thought I would explode!
PERSONIFICATION Non-human thing is given life-like qualities. Examples: 1. The rain drops danced over our umbrella. 2. The leaves skipped in the wind. 3. My English homework stared at me as I tried to finish it.
ONOMATOPOEIA • Use of words to imitate sounds. Examples: Crack! The bat quickly hit the baseball and traveled over the fence.
IDIOM • A cultural expression that should NOT be taken literally. • Examples: Put a sock in it! Break a leg! It’s raining cats and dogs.