simile hyperbole Figurative Language personification Imagery symbolism Idioms metaphor Alliteration onomatopoeia
Imagery • Words that create an image in the reader’s mind that allow us to see what is not directly stated in the text. It is writing that shows instead of tells! The watermelon dripped sweet, cold, sticky juice down my chin. His heart pounded like a snare drum. The figurative language types that follow are all examples of imagery.
Simile: a way of describing something by comparing it with something else using "like" or "as"
I am as hungry as a horse. You run like a rabbit. She is happy as a clam. He is sneaky as a snake.
Metaphor: A way of describing something by comparing it to something else
The girl was a fish in the water. My love is a red, red rose.
Personification to give human characteristics to something nonhuman
The flowers danced in the wind. The friendly gates welcomed us. The Earth coughed and choked in all of the pollution.
Alliteration: Repetition of the first consonant
“Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout would not take the garbage out…” -Shel Silverstein “Careless cars cutting corners create confusion .Crossing centrelines.Countless collisions cost coffins. -Paul McCann "You'll never put a better bit of butter on your knife."-(advertising slogan for Country Life butter)
Onomatopoeia: Words that are sounds
Chugga chugga chugga!! “Hiiii-Yahh!” Buzz Buzz Buzz Bleep Bloop Blorp! Glippp Gluppp Gluppp
Hyperbole An obvious and intentional exaggeration
I died laughing. I have been waiting forever. I was so full I could burst! I have a ton of homework!!!
Idioms are words or phrases that are part of popular speech that do not mean what they say. They are not literal.
A picture paints a thousand words. Jeff was always putting his two cents in. Someone stole her boyfriend and now she has a chip on her shoulder. My new skinny jeans cost an arm and a leg.
Symbolism • Something that is used to represent an idea, feeling, or object. What ideas or beliefs do the following symbols represent….???