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Understanding Global Cultures: Poland, Turkey, and Brazil . Group 2: Sarah Kohlschmidt, Kaitlyn Petolick , James Haire , Ashley Perkins, Jake Faurot , Matthew Berman, Laiken Allen, Mike. Poland. http:// youtu.be /0zKjCKbO51Y. Bribery Customs in Poland.

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understanding global cultures poland turkey and brazil

Understanding Global Cultures: Poland, Turkey, and Brazil

Group 2: Sarah Kohlschmidt, KaitlynPetolick, James Haire, Ashley Perkins, Jake Faurot, Matthew Berman, Laiken Allen, Mike



bribery customs in poland
Bribery Customs in Poland
  • Found in many parts of life, including the workplace
  • Kumoterstwo- favoritism
    • Political access
    • Privileges
    • Power dispersal
  • “get things done”
polish youth
Polish Youth
  • Less exposure to Communist ideology
  • Respond to Capitalistic incentives
  • Compared to older colleagues:
    • More willing to take risks
    • More travel experience
    • Comfortable with English
  • Companies look for workers with less experience
    • Marriott
poland today
Poland Today
  • Modern infrastructure
  • 39 million people
  • Member of the European Union
polish village church
Polish Village Church
  • A symbol of the Polish culture
  • Influenced by the country’s peasants roots
  • The history of foreign power domination
  • Catholicism
polish history
Polish History
  • Land ownership struggles
  • Communism
  • The weakening of the Soviet Union
  • The peaceful overthrow of Communism in Poland
polish catholic church
Polish Catholic Church
  • Plays a major role for rural citizens in Poland
  • Helps acquire land and freedom for the peasants


turkish society
Turkish Society
  • Hospitable
  • Genuine concern for others
  • Eager to lend a hand
      • Difference between rural and urban areas?
  • Role of communication
role of males
Role of Males
  • Dominant sex
      • Traditional roles
  • High level of separation
      • Islamic influence
  • Coffeehouse
      • Symbolism?
roles of women
Roles of Women
  • Respect for husband
      • Understand importance of relationship and ego
  • Responsible for most domestic tasks
      • Increase in number of women working outside the home
  • Gaining more power/freedom
family life
Family Life
  • Respect is a core value
  • Close-knit units
  • Children represent family’s reputation
      • Education is essential
          • Creates barriers between different social classes
          • Intense competition
          • Creates appreciation for education
turkish characteristics
Turkish Characteristics
  • Humor is common attribute
      • Used often
      • Creates balance, relief
      • Hodja folk tales
  • Modesty
  • Respect for authority


the future of turkey
The Future of Turkey
  • Negative factors
      • Unemployment rate
      • Inflation
      • Doubts of Turkish democracy
  • Positive factors
      • Energy resources
      • Growing GDP
      • Assimilation in EU
secularity in turkey
Secularity in Turkey
  • Over 99% of Turkey is Muslim
  • Turkey does not run their government, schools, or business off religion
  • Different from all other Arab countries showing interest in Western cultures
secularity continued
Secularity (continued..)
  • Different parties have formed over the last few years
  • Three major influences in Turkey are the military, the middle class and the Islamic Movement
the pillars of islam
The Pillars of Islam
  • Five well-known pillars embody the essence of Islam
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V0T7T7Z53A0
  • Two places for social gatherings are the Mosque and the coffeehouse
  • Townspeople are more strict on their faith than urban Turks
  • Also, Eastern and Central Turkey are more religious than Western Turkey
  • Considered a ritual linked with daily prayer
  • Cultural values of the coffeehouse say the future will be better than the past
  • It first became popular because during prohibition many people drank coffee instead of alcohol
coffeehouse continued
Coffeehouse (continued)
  • Turkish men go to the coffeehouse to become part of a group
  • In small communities many important decisions take place in the coffeehouse
  • Often the coffeehouse is considered the unofficial second office of Turks
  • Women gather at homes to share coffees and teas as acts of hospitality and getting involved with others
popular phases used by turks
Popular Phases used by Turks
  • Salaam: “peace be upon you”
  • Masailah: “God protect you from harm”
  • Bismillahir-rahman-irraham which is a drinking phrase commonly used
family values
Family Values
  • Extended hospitality to all of the kinship group
  • Marriage is influenced by family
  • Muslims believe that people will act according to their own decisions under a given set of circumstances
  • Remove their shoes before entering mosques
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ocyyxHkCvm8
god s will
God’s Will
  • To Turks time is intangible and is just there to support the development of long term relationships
  • Turks place much emphasis on the future generations
  • Inshallah translates to “if it is God’s will”
collectivism at work
Collectivism at Work
  • Turkey has a high power distance and little two way discussion ever takes place
  • Employees are not rewarded on performance as much as loyalty
  • Communication is high-context as in must collectivism


  • Population of 186 million
  • Extremely diverse
  • Spread across many regions and 26 states
  • Is almost equal to the U.S. in size
    • 8,511,965 vs. 9,372,610 square Kilometers
  • Known for it’s bigness and grandeur
  • Amazon river, world’s most voluminous river
  • Amazon forest, largest oxygenating forest
  • World’s largest wetlands
  • World’s largest soccer stadium and samba dance stadium
  • 12 cities with populations more than 1 million
  • Sao Paulo tied with Mumbai for 4th largest city at 18.3 million
  • Goldman Sachs named Brazil as one of the BRIC countries
  • Land of contrasts
  • Industrialized south, rural north
  • Average income is two fifths of the south
  • Rate of poverty declined from 35% to 23%
  • Historical progress and growth tends to be slow and circular until recent years
  • “Brazil is the country of the future and always will be”
  • Three founding groups, the Portuguese, Brazilians, and slaves had limited reasons
  • managed to keep inflation below 10%
    • Early 1990’s 2500%
personal life in brazil
Personal Life in Brazil
  • Acquaintances or Colleges
  • Dating process regulated by family
  • Appropriate for men to comment women
  • Mans worst fear is when women make an effective retort
  • Must commit to a field of study around 18 years old
  • Existence owed to the musical talents of plantation workers
  • First characterization occurred at free slaves’ dance parties in Bahia in 1870
  • First recorded samba in 1916 composed by Donga
  • 1923 Samba schools were born
  • Carnival, annual pre-Lenten celebration
  • “a binary, percussive rhythm in which the first beat is never sounded, causing a continual, hesitant urgency”
forms of samba
Forms of Samba
  • “samba pagode, samba raiado, samba de partido alto, samba do morro, samba de terreiro, samba cancao” and many more
  • Various sambas are appropriate for specific situations and social levels
  • Samba enredo, for samba schools
  • Samba de terreiro, less sophisticated and used in rural areas
  • Others are simply musical innovations, samba do breque
  • All have a common theme, words center around people’s trials and tribulations
  • Popular subjects are corruption, poverty, historical events, local heroes
  • Samba school produce 2,000 new songs a year for the carnival
  • Five characteristics, small-step circularity, physical touch, undulation, spontaneous escape, and the paradox of dancers
dancing examples
Dancing Examples
  • http://youtu.be/ApxVTBLf46I
  • http://youtu.be/fSBnNA_dHNU
small step circularity
Small-Step Circularity
  • Small, somewhat controlled steps in a circular pattern
  • Holding upper torso still
small step circularity in brazil
Small-step Circularity in Brazil
  • Brazil grew amid small steps that were often circular
  • From military to civilian rule, and back
  • September 7, 1822 Dom Pedro I declared Brazils independence
  • Dom Pedro II daughter signed document freeing slaves while he was away
  • Transition to republic took 67 years
small step circularity in brazil1
Small-step Circularity in Brazil
  • World record for average hours firms take to prepare taxes: 2600
  • Opening a new business? 17 procedures about 152 days
  • Cruzeiro to the Cruzado and then to the “New Cruzeiro” it’s the same
  • Vestibular exam
small step circularity in brazil2
Small-step Circularity in Brazil
  • Must first establish solid friendships
  • “be prepared to commit long-term resources of time and money to establishing strong relationships in Brazil. Without such commitments, there is no point in attempting to do business there at all”
  • Excessive tendency to say no is also a way of keeping negotiations from moving ahead to fast
geert hofstede s cultural dimensions
Geert Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions


  • In General and small groups, do the personalities of individuals primarily reflect the influence of culture?
  • Should multicultural small groups be managed differently from single-culture groups?