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Life in Ancient Egypt. Lesson 5-2. How did work and social roles affect people in ancient Egypt?. Work roles expanded More complex jobs were created that did not have to do with agriculture Scribe: A person whose job was to write and keep records. Egyptian Social Roles. Pharaoh

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how did work and social roles affect people in ancient egypt
How did work and social roles affect people in ancient Egypt?
  • Work roles expanded
    • More complex jobs were created that did not have to do with agriculture

Scribe: A person whose job was to write and keep records

egyptian social roles
Egyptian Social Roles
  • Pharaoh
  • Priests & Nobles
  • Craftspeople & Merchants
  • Farmers
  • Laborers & Slaves
how did learning advance in ancient egypt
How did learning advance in ancient Egypt?
  • New ideas were created in astronomy, geometry, medicine, and writing
  • Astronomy – used stars to create the first practical calendar
  • Geometry – developed accurate surveying methods
  • Medicine – learned to use herbs for medicine, were able to perform some of the world’s first surgery
hierogylphs
Hierogylphs
  • Developed a writing system beginning in 3000 B.C.
  • Early hieroglyphic system had about 700 characters and over time grew to include more than 6,000 characters.
  • Hieroglyphs - pictures that stand for different words or sounds
  • Papyrus – a paper-like material
what religious beliefs did egyptians hold
What religious beliefs did Egyptians hold?
  • They believed in many gods (polytheism).
  • They believed in a happy afterlife.
  • Egyptians believed that they would need their bodies in the afterlife so they embalmed bodies to make mummies.

Afterlife – a life believed to follow death

Embalm – to preserve a body after death

Mummy – a body that has been dried so it won’t decay

mummification
Mummification
  • The entire process could take up to 70 days.
  • The brain was not saved because it was considered worthless.
  • The heart was left in the body and weighed against a feather to see if the person was free of sin.
now you are going to embalm your own mummy
Now you are going to embalm your own mummy!
  • http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/ED/mummy.html
  • Go to this website and embalm your own mummy.