Ancient Egypt. The Impact of Civilisation on Medical Developments.
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The Impact of Civilisation on Medical Developments
Good Farming Land
Complex flood patterns
Mathematical skills required
Advanced planning requiredThe Nile Gives Birth to a New Civilisation
Surplus Food Produced
Store for future use
Trade for other goods
Not everyone needs to farm
New trades and specialities developProducing More than enough Food
New Products and Ideas can be imported
Makes money which can be invested
To please the GodsTrading the Surplus
New jobs available for talented craftsmen
Surplus food Production allows for their wages to be paid
New Products and Skills Develop
Some with medical application!
(A) POTTERY Pots of many shapes and sizes were made from local clay. It was shaped by hand in a mold made of stiff sand, given a glaze, and hardened in fire. (B) GOLD The Egyptians had plenty of gold, mostly from mines in Nubia. Jewellery and gold-plated objects were made. Statues and even a king's coffin were made of solid gold.
(C) SANDALS The shoemaker's trade was simple, because the only shoes people wore were sandals, made of leather or papyrus reed. Usually they went barefoot. (D) WOOD CARVING This man is making a wooden animal. Most woodworking tools, such as saws and chisels, have not changed much since.
Large Scale projects were now feasible
Writing and Mathematics
Public Works projectsSophisticated Civilisation
“It is seven days from yesterday since I saw my love,
And Sickness has crept over me,
My limbs have become heavy,
I cannot feel my own body.
If the Master-Physicians come to me
I gain no comfort from their remedies.
And the priest-magicians have no cures,
My sickness is not diagnosed.
My love is better by far for me than any remedies.
She is more important than all the books of medicine.”
Egyptian Love Poem c1500 BC
Excessive respect for the Dead body
Will hinder medical developments for many years
Sacred Body does not allow for exploration or experimentation.
General or simplistic Answer (1 Mark)
Specifically answers question with relevant example or explanation (2 – 3 Marks)
Sophisticated answer that shows an understanding of the complex forces involved. Good use of relevant examples (4 – 5 Marks)
Write a simple paragraph explaining how the following affected medicine
The Nile and Farming
Which is the most important of the 5?
List all the kinds of healers mentioned sources 1 to 5 on page 18
Answer questions 1, 5, 6 and 7 on pages 20/21
Activity on page 21
Design an advertisement for one of the treatments described on pages 20/21Marking Scheme