Ancient Egypt. Geography. Regions in Egypt: Nubia Upper Egypt Lower Egypt The Nile valley kemet The desert deshret. Environment. 965 km between Aswan and Cairo Average annual rainfall 10 millimeters Inundation. Upper Egypt. Nile at Aswan. 1 st cataract . Lower Egypt.
Nile at Aswan
The Egyptians are the most successful human culturein history.
Funerary Mask, Ptolemaic Period
Before the decipherment of the Rosetta Stone in 1822 by Jean Francois Champolion, we had only classical authors such as Herodotus (5th century BC) and Manetho (3rd century BC) from whom to reconstruct Egyptian history.
Of Egyptian Life
Chester Beatty Papyrus
In addition to traditional Hieroglyphic writing, two alternate scripts also evolved: Hieratic Demotic
Gods are “conceptualizations of an abstract force” which is the divine.
Pharaoh with Hathor (left) and Osiris (right)
The image of a god represents the essential, not the actual.
Ma’at = order
Personified as a goddess
Jar of roasted duck
Painting from tomb of Nebamun
Veterinarians at work