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What is Sustainable Innovation ?. Planetary Boundaries. ( Rockström et al. 2009). The Biological Analogy. Eco-efficiency vs. Sustainable development. New structural solutions New functional solutions Improvement of the Current products. Sustainable development . Eco-efficiency.

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What is Sustainable Innovation ?

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what is sustainable innovation

What is SustainableInnovation?

Professor Lassi Linnanen

October 20, 2011



(Rockström et al. 2009)

eco efficiency vs sustainable development
Eco-efficiency vs.Sustainable development

New structural


New functional


Improvement of the

Current products

Sustainable development


ambition levels
Ambition Levels


- Align with core values

Space for Innovation

Integrated Strategy

- Business opportunities


- Eco-Efficiency


- Regulatory Demands and Enforcement


dependency of systems
Dependency of Systems

Economic System


Social System

(citizens and


Natural System


global trends tomorrow s markets
Global Trends: Tomorrow’s Markets
  • Expanding population in developing regions will create large markets dominated by the young
  • Global wealth is rising but the income gap grows wider
  • Millions are malnourished amidst an abundance of food
  • Life expectancy rises, yet preventable disease contributes to limit development
  • Primary education is widespread, but opportunities for learning elude many
global trends efficiency and energy
Global Trends: Efficiency and Energy
  • Rising consumption creates environmental risks and business opportunities for innovation
  • Escalating demand for energy propels economic development but threatens Earth’s climate
  • Pollution remains a global challenge
  • Throughput still grows even as energy and materials efficiency improves
global trends natural capital
Global Trends: Natural Capital
  • The productive capacity of the planet is in decline
  • Food production is the basis of many economies but threatens the ecosystems upon which it depends
  • Freshwater is growing scarce amidst competing human needs
global trends connections
Global Trends: Connections
  • Urban growth concentrates business opportunities and societal challenges
  • Humans are more mobile, accelerating the flow of goods and knowledge and raising demand for energy and infrastructure
  • Access to information and communication technologies enables economic opportunity
  • As economies become service-based, women are a growing part of the formal labor force
global trends roles and responsibilities
GlobalTrends: Roles andResponsibilities
  • Democracy spreads, creating improved conditions for market-based economies
  • Civil society is demanding greater accountability and transparency from government and business
  • Private sector investment is increasingly financing economic development


  • Tomorrow’s Markets
  • Efficiency
  • NaturalCapital and Energy
  • Connections
  • Roles and Responsibilities

Mode 1 knowledgeproduction -> STI-mode of innovation

Context of knowledgeapplication

(companies and publicsectororganizations)

Mode 2 knowledgeproduction -> DUI-mode of innovation

Economic System




Public Sector



Enablers / Disablers




Social System

(citizens and


Natural System



STI Innovation

DUI Innovation



  • System innovation for sustainabledevelopmentdifferssharplyfromtraditional ”national competitiveness” innovationpolicies
  • Basic economic, technical and social systemsexistbutcurrentprogramsclearlyinadequate
  • Balancing the tension betweendesire to secureeconomicbenefits and need to maximisetechnologydiffusion
  • Priority to criticalnaturalcycles: carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus