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Garden Design

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  1. Garden Design Designing Gardens as Part of a Sustainable Landscape Diana Alfuth, Horticulture Educator UW-Extension, Pierce County

  2. Sustainable Landscape Design • Functional • Maintainable • Environmentally Friendly • Cost Effective • Visually Pleasing

  3. Sustainable Landscape Design • Consider the function of each portion of the landscape • Note problems/attributes in the existing landscape • Evaluate the site characteristics, including soil type, pH, light, wind, etc. • Decide on your goal and landscape style

  4. Garden Design Garden Design Formal = straight lines, plants in rows, symmetrical, globes and columns Informal = curvilinear patterns, plants in intertwined masses, asymmetrical, natural plant forms

  5. Sustainable Landscape Design • Locate gardens as part of your overall landscape design • Create a good turf area, with functional spaces and gardens behind the concept lines that form the turf shape

  6. Garden Design • Consider each individual viewpoint when designing the gardens and planting beds

  7. Sustainable Landscape Design The most beautiful landscapes are “designed”, not decorated. They create unity by incorporating Principles of Design, including:

  8. BALANCE

  9. SCALE

  10. REPETITION

  11. SEQUENCE

  12. SIMPLICITY

  13. VARIETY

  14. Garden Design Design beds to keep maintenance to a minimum

  15. Sustainable Landscape Design

  16. Sustainable Landscape Design

  17. Sustainable Landscape Design

  18. Sustainable Landscape Design What makes it look good? Human eyes need a place to start: FOCAL POINT A focal point is the first thing we see when we look at a landscape.

  19. Sustainable Landscape Design Examples of things that create focal points are: Artwork A plant that is different than those around it Structures Birdbaths, birdhouses, birdfeeders Boulders Bare spots Diseased/dying plants Debris FOCAL POINTS CAN CHANGE THROUGHOUT THE SEASONS!

  20. Sustainable Landscape Design Focal Point

  21. Sustainable Landscape Design Focal point

  22. Sustainable Landscape Design Locating Focal Points Any given view of the landscape should have one major focal point, and maybe one or two secondary focal points. Too many focal points creates a “busy” landscape. Locate focal points 1/3 of the way from one side .

  23. Sustainable Landscape Design Focal Point??

  24. Sustainable Landscape Design After our eyes find a focal point, they need to go somewhere, and look for lines to follow. Lines can be formed by edging, paths, structures, plant masses, plant form, shadows, etc.

  25. Sustainable Landscape Design Focal point

  26. Sustainable Landscape Design Lines

  27. Sustainable Landscape Design Lines

  28. Sustainable Landscape Design Lines

  29. Sustainable Landscape Design Lines

  30. Sustainable Landscape Design • Too many lines, or no lines, create a confusing, busy landscape. • Lines should take the eye where you want it to go—and keep it in the landscape. • Avoid lines that take the eye into the sky, or into the neighbor’s yard!

  31. Sustainable Landscape Design Before you start thinking about specific plant species, to get a good design, you must first plan for each plant’s characteristics, or “Elements of Design”

  32. Sustainable Landscape Design Elements of Design Primary (visual) Plant type Plant form Plant height/width Plant Texture Plant Season of Interest (including color)

  33. Sustainable Landscape Design Consider both foliage form and flower form Plant Form: Arching Upright Creeping/spreading Drooping/weeping Mounded Horizontal branching Columnar

  34. Sustainable Landscape Design Plant Size (height and width) Consider the plant’s MATURE, NATURAL size!

  35. Sustainable Landscape Design Plant texture Visual coarseness/fineness of foliage, branching, flowers. A plant’s texture is relative to what’s around it, and it may change throughout the season. Plant texture is EXTREMELY important in design, and can make or break a landscape

  36. Sustainable Landscape Design Texture

  37. Sustainable Landscape Design Texture

  38. Sustainable Landscape Design Texture

  39. Sustainable Landscape Design The finer the texture, the more of it you need. Lawn grass is our finest textured plant. Consider textural changes to create a focal point, repetition, and variety.

  40. Sustainable Landscape Design Season of Interest This is how you get a landscape that is interesting all year—by planning it out on paper! For each plant, group or mass, think about when it will have significant interest, and make that work with what’s around it, creating focal points, repetition, unity.

  41. Sustainable Landscape Design Season of Interest

  42. Sustainable Landscape Design COLOR! What’s the easiest way to choose a color scheme? STEAL AND COPY ONE!!!!

  43. Sustainable Landscape Design Color

  44. Sustainable Landscape Design Color * Warm colors appear closer, so are good for viewing from a distance. * Cool colors recede, so are better up close.

  45. Sustainable Landscape Design Color

  46. Sustainable Landscape Design

  47. Sustainable Landscape Design

  48. Sustainable Landscape Design

  49. Sustainable Landscape Design Elements of Design Secondary: Soil/fertility preferences (non-visual) Moisture requirements Light requirements Hardiness Disease & Insect resistance