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Children’s Reading Development. Presented by: Whitley Starnes Lydia Bolls Jessica Fisk. Your Reading Experience. What is your earliest memory of learning to read? What did you already know before you started school? How do you think children learn to read?.

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Reading Development



Whitley Starnes

Lydia Bolls

Jessica Fisk

your reading experience
Your Reading Experience
  • What is your earliest memory of learning to read?
  • What did you already know before you started school?
  • How do you think children learn to read?

Stages of Reading Development


Multiple Viewpoints


Learning the New


Confirmation, Fluency, and Ungluing of Print


Initial Reading or Decoding



prereading stage
Prereading Stage
  • Birth – 6 Years Old
  • Emergent Readers
    • pretend to read (uses pictures to tell story)
  • Concepts About Print & Words:
    • book-orientation
    • does not differentiate between words and objects
    • can read environmental print
      • example:
prereading stage5
Prereading Stage
  • By the end of this stage, most children know . . .
    • how to write their name.
    • the names of letters in the alphabet AND can identify most letters and a few words (CVC words ex. cat).
  • Some children at this stage know . . .
    • the sounds that letters make.
    • words stand for objects.
    • words carry meaning.
  • Beginning to understand literacy terms such as word,letter,sound,sentence.
  • Before entering the first grade, a child is exposed to approximately 6,000 words through speaking and vocabulary.
initial reading decoding 6 8 years old
Initial Reading & Decoding6-8 years old
  • Develop understanding of alphabetic principle
    • Learn the letters of the alphabet
    • Letters and the sounds they make
  • Knowledge of sound-spelling relationships
    • Decode words
        • Example: Cat /c/ /a/ /t/
confirmation fluency ungluing from print 8 9 years old
Confirmation, Fluency, Ungluing from Print8-9 years old
  • Further developing decoding skills
    • Additional strategies to decode words
  • Start to make meaning from text
  • End of Age Period
    • Developing fluency
      • Reading with expression
      • Sounds like talking
  • From “learning to read” to “reading to learn”
learning the new 9 14 years old
Learning the New9-14 years old
  • Purpose of reading is to obtain information and learn
  • Texts (informational books)
    • Wide variety of genres
  • Begin to analyze and criticize what they read
multiple viewpoints 14 18 years old
Multiple Viewpoints14-18 years old
  • Complex language & vocabulary
  • Texts
    • Containing varying viewpoints
    • Required to analyze critically
  • Use textbooks to learn information and complete homework
  • J.S. Chall. Stages of Reading Development. McGraw-Hill. 1983
  • Chall's Six Stages of Reading Development:

  • Tompkins, G. (2010). Literacy for the 21st Century: A Balanced Approach (5th ed.). New Jersey: Allyn & Bacon.