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Before Reading_Main. Before Reading. Global Reading. Detailed Reading. After Reading. 1. Phrases Related to the Topic. 2. Some Famous Figures. Henry J. Kaiser. Florence Nightingale. Thomas Edison. 3. About Dream. Before Reading_1. Before Reading. Global Reading. Detailed Reading.

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    1. Before Reading_Main Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 1. Phrases Related to the Topic 2. Some Famous Figures Henry J. Kaiser Florence Nightingale Thomas Edison 3. About Dream

    2. Before Reading_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Phrases Related to the Topic Directions: The topic of this text is “dream”. Please put the following words or phrases into English. 1. 噩梦 a nightmare 2.白日梦 a daydream 3. 黄粱美梦 a fond dream 4.痴心妄想 an idle dream 5.一直以来的梦想 a long-cherished dream 6.纯朴的梦想 a simple dream 7.长期的梦想 a longstanding dream 8.虚无飘渺的梦想 a distant dream 9. 做梦 have a dream 10.实现某人的梦想 achieve / realize one’s dream 11.解梦 interpret a dream

    3. Before Reading_2_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Some Famous Figures Henry J. Kaiser: (1882 – 1967) American industrialist A brief introduction to Kaiser -- being the chairman of the executive committee of the company formed to build Hoover Dam (1931) -- establishing the first health maintenance organization (1938) -- managing Pacific coast shipyards (during World War II) -- being the chairman of Kaiser Industries, an enterprise involving steel, aluminum, and home building (1945~1967)

    4. Before Reading_2_2_2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Kaiser, Henry John, (1882–1967) was an American industrialist. He organized his first construction company in 1913, soon entered the road-paving business, and by 1930 was a leader in the field. In 1931 he was named chairman of the executive committee of the company formed to build Hoover Dam. He also participated in the construction of Bonneville, Grand Coulee, and Shasta dams and the San Francisco–Oakland Bridge underwater foundations. In 1938, he established the first health maintenance organization, the Kaiser plan, for his shipyard employees; it served more than a million people and became a model for later federal programs. During World War II he managed Pacific coast shipyards that handled a great deal of the wartime shipbuilding for the U. S. government and dramatically increased the speed of ship construction. From 1945 to his death, he served as chairman of Kaiser Industries, an enterprise involving steel, aluminum, and home building. ■

    5. Before Reading_2_2_2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Some quotations from Kaiser I always have to dream up there against the stars. If I don’t dream I will make it, I won’t even get close. Problems are only opportunities in work clothes.

    6. Before Reading_2_2_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Florence Nightingale (1820 -1910) A brief introduction to Nightingale -- serving in the Crimean War (1854) -- being called the “The Lady with the Lamp” -- the first woman to be given the Order of Merit (1907) -- establishing the Nightingale School and Home for Nurses in London -- her book’s becoming the first definitive textbook for the nursing field

    7. Before Reading_2_2_2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Nightingale, Florence (1820–1910) was an English nurse and the founder of modern nursing. She was dedicated to the care of the sick and war wounded. In 1854, she organized a unit of 38 women volunteer nurses for service in the Crimean War. By the end of the war she had become a legend. She was called “Lady with the Lamp” because she believed that a nurse’s care should never cease, no matter night or day; she thought that nursing was a noble profession, and she made it so. Florence Nightingale was the first woman to be given the Order of Merit (1907). Once back in London after the war, she founded the Nightingale School and Home for Nurses using money donated in tribute to her services. The school marked the beginning of professional education in the nursing field. Her book Notes on Nursing became the first definitive textbook for the nursing field. ■

    8. Before Reading_2_2_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Some quotations from Nightingale The very first requirement in a hospital is that it should do the sick no harm. How very little can be done under the spirit of fear.

    9. Before Reading_2_2_3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Thomas Edison (1847 – 1931)

    10. Before Reading_2_2_3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading A brief introduction to Edison Thomas Edison was one of the greatest inventors and industrial leaders in history. Among his nearly 1, 100 patents — the most ever issued to one person — are the phonograph, which became the first practical method of recording and playing the back sounds, a motion picture camera and projector, and the incandescent lamp — an inexpensive and safe source of light for everyday use in homes. Among Edison’s greatest achievements was the development of one of the first research laboratories. Here in Menlo Park and West Orange, New Jersey, Edison and his assistants developed thousands of inventions. ■

    11. Before Reading_3_2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Some quotations from Edison Genius is one percent inspiration, ninety-nine percent perspiration. What a man’s mind can create, man’s character can control. There is no substitute for hard work.

    12. Before Reading_3_5_POP Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading About Dream About Dream 1. Definitions of dream 1) sequence of scenes or feelings occurring in the mind during sleep 2) state of mind in which things happening around seem unreal 3) a wish to do or have something 2. Freud and his theories about dream 3. Discussion 4. Dictation 5. A poem about dream

    13. Before Reading_3_5_POP Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Directions: Read and appreciate “DREAMS” written by Langston Hughes then explain the meaning of the word “dream” in this poem. Langston Hughes: Langston Hughes (1902-1976) was an American poet who wrote jazz poetry and was probably the first to pitch his verse in conjunction with musicians in the late 1930s. DREAMS Hold fast to dreams For if dreams die Life is a broken-winged bird That cannot fly Hold fast to dreams For when dreams go Life is a barren field Frozen with snow In this poem “dream” refers to a wish to do or have something.

    14. Before Reading_3_5_POP Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Freud and his theories about dream Sigmund Freud (1865-1939) --- He was an Austrian physician who revolutionized ideas on how the human mind works. --- He established the theory that unconscious motives control a lot of behavior. --- His work has helped millions of patients who are mentally ill. --- His theories have brought new approaches in child rearing, education, and sociology and have provided new themes for many authors and artists. --- Most people in Western society view human behavior at least partially in Freudian terms.

    15. Before Reading_3_5_POP Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Main idea of his interpretation of night dreams: 1) Dreams express the subconscious mind. 2) Dreams are absurd because our conscious mind won’t acknowledge our subconscious ideas thus disguises them. 3) In our dreams, we return to the modes of thinking of childhood. Our thinking becomes concrete, pictorial and illogical, and expresses ideas and wishes we are no longer conscious of.

    16. Before Reading_3_5_POP Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Discussion 1. What do you think is the meaning of the word “daydream”? Daydream is a pleasant dreamlike set of thoughts during waking hours, often drawing attention away from present surroundings. 2. Is daydreaming a good thing or a bad thing? Why? Open-ended.

    17. Before Reading_3_5_POP Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Listen to the following passage and write down every word you hear. We often hear parents scold their children or teachers criticize their students for daydreaming. People usually take a hostile attitude towards daydreaming because they think daydreaming is a waste of time and an escape from real life. Well, daydreaming may sometimes be a waste of time or an escape, but daydreaming can also do us a lot of good. ■

    18. Globe Reading_main Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 1. Part Division of the Text 2. Scanning 3. Questions and Answers 4. Further Understanding For Part 2 Scanning For Part 5 Scanning

    19. Globe Reading._1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Part Division of the Text Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas 1 1~3 Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing. 2 4~5 Daydreaming is as important as nighttime dreams to mental health. Experiments show that it has a lot of benefits. 3 6~7 Daydreaming is useful in shaping our future lives. 4 8~9 the reason why a mental vision of success would help to produce real success 5 10~12 the procedures or the steps of how to daydream 6 13~14 Daydream a little each day but not be too dependent on it.

    20. Globe Reading_2_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Scanning Directions: Scan the whole text and then find the following people’s professions in the text. Name Profession Dr. Joan T. Freyberg researcher Henry J. Kaiser industrialist F. Nightingale nurse Thomas Edison inventor Harry Emerson Fosdick researcher John Uelse athlete Dr. Maxwell Malts surgeon & author

    21. Globe Reading_3_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Questions and Answers 1. How was daydreaming generally looked upon until recently? It was generally looked upon as a waste of time and an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. 2. What used to be the common attitude towards night dreaming? Night dreaming interfered with our needed rest. 3. What happens if a person is not allowed to dream in his sleep? He becomes tense and anxious. He becomes irritable. He has trouble concentrating and his mental health is temporarily damaged. In short, he can’t get the benefits of rest. 4. What’s the common advantage of both daydreaming and night dreaming? They are both important to mental health.

    22. Globe Reading_3_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 5. In what way were Henry J. Kaiser, Florence Nightingale and Thomas Edison alike? Their successes were due to the positive use of daydreaming. 6. What difference can daydreaming make if combined with hard work? It could be the difference between becoming merely good at something and becoming a champion.

    23. Globe Reading_3_2_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Further Understanding Scanning Directions: Scan this part and find out the benefits of daydreaming. 1. being a good means of relaxation 2. being important to mental health 3. contributing to intellectual growth 4. improving concentration, attention span, and the ability to get along with others 5. leading children to paying more attention to details 6. making children feel happier and work together better 7. producing improved self-control and creative abilities 8. being useful in shaping our future lives as we want them to be

    24. Globe Reading_3_2_2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Scanning Directions: Scan this part to find out the procedure of creative daydreaming. a. Choose a time when you can be alone and undisturbed; b. Close your eyes; c. Let your imagination soar freely; d. Picture yourself as vividly as possible the way you want to be; e. Picture your desired goals as if you had already attained them; f. Go over all the details of this picture; g. See them clearly and sharply; h. Impress them strongly on your memory.

    25. Article Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Daydreaming has always had a bad reputation, but now scientific research has revealed that daydreaming may actually improve your mental health and creativity. It can even help you achieve your desired goals.

    26. Article1_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Daydream a Little Eugene Raudsepp “Daydreaming again, Barb? You’ll never amount to anything if you spend your time that way! Can’t you find something useful to do?” Many youngsters have heard words like those from their parents. And until recently this hostile attitude towards daydreaming was the most common one. Daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time.Or it was considered an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. But now some people are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. Some think it may be a very healthy thing to do.

    27. Article2_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions.

    28. Article3_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Dr. Joan T. Freyberg has concluded that daydreaming contributes to intellectual growth. It also improves concentration, attention span, and the ability to get along with others, she says. In an experiment with school children, this same researcher found that daydreaming led the children to pay more attention to detail. They had more happy feelings. They worked together better. Another researcher reported that daydreaming seemed to produce improved self-control and creative abilities. But that’s only part of the story. The most remarkable thing about daydreaming may be its usefulness in shaping our future lives as we want them to be. Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser believed that much of his success was due to the positive use of daydreaming. He maintained that “you can imagine your future.” Florence Nightingale dreamed of becoming a nurse. The young Thomas Edison pictured himself as an inventor. For these notable achievers, it appears that their daydreams came true.

    29. Article4_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick believed that the way we picture ourselves is often the way we turn out. He offered this advice: “Hold a picture of yourself ... in your mind’s eye, and you will be drawn toward it. Picture yourself vividly as defeated, and that alone will make victory impossible. Picture yourself as winning, and that will contribute immeasurably to success. Do not picture yourself as anything, and you will drift...” The experiences of some athletes seem to confirm this belief. For instance, John Uelses, a former pole-vaulting champion, used daydreaming techniques before each meet. He would imagine himself winning. He would vividly picture himself clearing the bar at a certain height. He would go over all the details in his mind. He would picture the stadium and the crowds. He’d even imagine the smell of the grass and the earth. He said that this exercise of the imagination left memory traces in his mind that would later help his actual performance.

    30. Article5_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Why would a mental vision of success help produce real success? Dr. Maxwell Maltz, a surgeon and author, says this: “Your nervous system cannot tell the difference between an imagined experience and a real experience. In either case it reacts automatically to information that you give it ... It reacts appropriately to what you think or imagine to be true.” He believes that purposeful daydreaming builds new “memories” in the brain. These positive memories improve a person’s self-image. And self-image has an important effect on a person’s actions and accomplishments. Can you use purposeful daydreaming to shape your own future? Why not try? Here is how those who believe in creative daydreaming recommend going about it. Choose a time when you can be alone and undisturbed. Close your eyes, to permit your imagination to soar more freely. Many people find that they get best results by pretending that they are sitting before a large screen. They project the desired image of themselves onto that screen.

    31. Article5_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now picture yourself — as vividly as possible — the way you want to be. Remember to picture your desired goals as if you had already attained them. Go over all the details of this picture. See them clearly and sharply. Impress them strongly on your memory. The resulting memory traces will supposedly start affecting your everyday life. They will help lead you to the attainment of your goals. Of course daydreaming is no substitute for hard work. If it’s athletic achievement you want, you also have to get lots of practice in your sport. You have to work hard to develop skills. If it’s school success you’re after, you can’t neglect studying. Daydreaming alone can’t turn you into your heart’s desire. But in combination with the more usual methods of self-development, it might make a critical difference. It could be the difference between becoming merely good at something and becoming a champion.

    32. Article6_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading If what researchers are saying is true, a life lived without fantasies and daydreams isn’t as rich and rewarding as life can be. So they suggest setting aside a few minutes each day for daydreaming. By so doing, you may improve your physical and mental well-being. By taking a ten- or fifteen-minute “vacation” into the realm of imagination each day, you may add much to the excitement and enjoyment of your life. And who knows: You might see your own daydreams come true.

    33. Article1_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Daydream a Little Eugene Raudsepp “Daydreaming again, Barb? You’ll never amount to anything if you spend your time that way! Can’t you find something useful to do?” Many youngsters have heard words like those from their parents. And until recently this hostile attitude towards daydreaming was the most common one. Daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time. Or it was considered an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. But now some people are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. Some think it may be a very healthy thing to do.

    34. Article1_S_Half of Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Daydream a Little Eugene Raudsepp “Daydreaming again, Barb? You’ll never amount to anything if you spend your time that way! Can’t you find something useful to do?” Many youngsters have heard words like those from their parents. And until recently this hostile attitude towards daydreaming was the most common one. Daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time.Or it was considered an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. But now some people are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. Some think it may be a very healthy thing to do. 1. What’s the meaning of the sentence? If you go on like this, you’ll never become successful. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 你要是老这样消磨时间,你将一事无成!

    35. Article1_S_…are getting Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Daydream a Little Eugene Raudsepp “Daydreaming again, Barb? You’ll never amount to anything if you spend your time that way! Can’t you find something useful to do?” Many youngsters have heard words like those from their parents. And until recently this hostile attitude towards daydreaming was the most common one. Daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time.Or it was considered an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. But now some people are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. Some think it may be a very healthy thing to do. Why do people view daydreamingas a waste of time? Because when we daydream, we seem to do nothing worthwhile and time seems to pass in vain.

    36. Article1_S_That night… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Daydream a Little Eugene Raudsepp 1. What does the expression “an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties” mean? “Daydreaming again, Barb? You’ll never amount to anything if you spend your time that way! Can’t you find something useful to do?” Many youngsters have heard words like those from their parents. And until recently this hostile attitude towards daydreaming was the most common one. Daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time.Or it was considered an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. But now some people are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. Some think it may be a very healthy thing to do. Getting away from real life and its duties which was harmful to a person’s character or moral health. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 或被看成是逃避现实生活及其责任的一种不健康的倾向。

    37. Article1_W_amount to Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Daydream a Little Eugene Raudsepp amount to: 1) develop into 他懒于用功学习,恐怕将会一事无成。 “Daydreaming again, Barb? You’ll never amount to anything if you spend your time that way! Can’t you find something useful to do?” Many youngsters have heard words like those from their parents. And until recently this hostile attitude towards daydreaming was the most common one. Daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time. Or it was considered an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. But now some people are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. Some think it may be a very healthy thing to do. He is lazy when he should study hard. I’m afraid he will amount to nothing. 2) if figures, sums, etc. amount to a particular total, they equal that total when they are added together The number of books in the reference room amounts to 3,000. His yearly income amounts to a five-figure sum. 3) if an attitude, remark, situation, etc. amounts to sth., it has the same effect; be equal to 他的建议等于是说工作还有改进的余地。 His suggestion amounts to saying that there is still room for improvement in the work. Her words amount to refusal.

    38. Article1_W_view Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Daydream a Little Eugene Raudsepp view : “Daydreaming again, Barb? You’ll never amount to anything if you spend your time that way! Can’t you find something useful to do?” Many youngsters have heard words like those from their parents. And until recently this hostile attitude towards daydreaming was the most common one. Daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time. Or it was considered an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. But now some people are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. Some think it may be a very healthy thing to do. 1. v. think about sb. or sth. in a particular way The journalist asked the minister how he viewed the recent events. 看来他可能会考虑同意我们的请求。 It seems probable that he will view our request with favor. 2. n. what you are able to see or whether you can see it The view from the top of the mountain is breathtaking. 飞机从视野中消失了。 The aircraft has disappeared from view.

    39. Article2_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions.

    40. Article2_S_That was more… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. 1. What is the grammatical function of “that” in this sentence? in much the same way that = in much the same way in which When used to introduce a restrictive attributive clause, the relative pronoun “that” sometimes means “in which”, “at which”, “for which” or “on which”. More Examples: He doesn’t see things (in) the way that / in which we see them. Jim likes New York for the very reason that / for which Tom dislikes it. I went to see him in the hotel lobby (on) the day that / on which he arrived. Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 人们对白日做梦的态度正在改变,这与人们对夜间做梦的看法的变化有非常相似之处。

    41. Article2_S_I had scrapbooks Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. How do researchers interrupt people’s dreams? The researchers carried out experiments in which they interrupted the dreams of sleepers. Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions.

    42. Article2_W_interfere with Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. interfere with: interrupt; hinder, affect I hope that this misunderstanding will not interfere with our friendship. Don’t allow pleasure to interfere with duty. Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions.

    43. Article2_W_try1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading try: v. 1) attempt to do or get sth. Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. He tried to control his voice. She tried a different approach to the problem. 2) do or use sth. for a short while to discover if it is suitable, successful, enjoyable, etc. I tried that recipe you gave me last night. I’ve forgotten my door-keys — we’d better try the window. NB: 与try 搭配使用的词组通常有: try doing sth. 和 try to do sth. try doing sth. = make an experiment by doing sth. or do sth. to see what will happen 例如: Why don’t you try doing in that way? She had tried taking the new medicine, but it is not so effective as expected. Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions. try to do sth.= make an effort or attempt to do sth. difficult 例如: I once tried to learn French, but without much success. Jimmy tried to solve the complicated problem, but in vain.

    44. Article2_W_try2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. Collocations: try one’s best to do sth. 竭尽所能做某事 try on 试穿 try out 试验 try one’s fortune 碰运气 Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions.

    45. Article2_W_benefit1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading benefit: n. an advantage, improvement, or help that you get from sth. Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. The discovery of oil brought many benefits to the town. 我得益于良好的教育。 I’ve had the benefit of a good education. CF: benefit, advantage & profit 这三个名词均有“利益、好处”之意。 benefit 普通用词,指通过正当手段从物质或精神方面得到的任何好处或利益。 advantage 指因某方面占优势或利用某机会以及对方弱点而获得利益与好处。 profit 着重收益,尤指从物质、钱财等方面获得的利益。 Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions. Directions: Fill in the blanks with the three words above. Change the form where necessary.

    46. Article2_W_benefit2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. My trip to the south was of much to my health. I thought I’d take of the sports facilities while I’m here. But what’s the of using nuclear power? A change in the law would be to everyone’s . The in this business are not large. benefit ______ __________ advantage _________ advantage benefit ______ profits ______ Collocations: derive / get benefit from 从……中获益 hurt sb. for one’s own benefit 损人利己 mutual benefit 互利 Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions. unemployment benefit 失业津贴

    47. Article2_W_have trouble doing sth Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. have trouble doing sth. : have difficulty / problem in doing sth. Students growing up from nursery school to college have trouble dealing with realities. People usually have trouble getting their cars started in cold winter. Collocations: ask / look for trouble 自找麻烦 get into trouble 陷入困境 have trouble with 与……闹纠纷;有……病 make trouble 闹事,捣乱 Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions.

    48. Article2_W_means Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. means: n. a way of doing or achieving sth. They had no means of communication. 直升机是一种很好的交通方式。 The helicopter is a very good means of transportation. Collocations: by means of 用,依靠;通过……的方法 by no means 决不 by all means 想尽一切办法 by any means 无论如何 Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions. live within (beyond) one’s means 量入为出 / 不量入为出

    49. Article2_W_go beyond Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. go beyond: 1) be much better, worse, more serious, etc. than sth. else The results of the experiment have gone beyond their expectations. 一听到我们的决定,他就愤怒得失去理智了。 On hearing our decision, his anger went beyond all reasons. 2) be too difficult for (someone) to do or understand The control of the children is going beyond my power. Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions.

    50. Article3_W _conduct Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream lose the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream. conduct: 1. n. the way in which an activity is organized and carried out He was criticized for his conduct of the inquiry. 政府对这件事情的处理是令人满意的。 The government’s conduct of the affairs was satisfactory. 2. v. carry out a particular activity or process, especially in order to get information or prove facts We are conducting a survey to find out what our customers think of their local bus service. 实验是纽约的科学家们组织完成的。 Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions. The experiments were conducted by the scientists in New York.