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Before Reading_Main. Before Reading. Global Reading. Detailed Reading. After Reading. 1. Three Types of Doctors. General Practitioners. Specialists. Researchers. 2. Careers in Medicine in the US. 3. Warm-up Questions. Before Reading_1.1. Before Reading. Global Reading.

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    1. Before Reading_Main Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 1. Three Types of Doctors General Practitioners Specialists Researchers 2. Careers in Medicine in the US 3. Warm-up Questions

    2. Before Reading_1.1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading General Practitioners Directions: Listen to the following paragraph and fill in the blanks. A general practitioner cares for patients with all kinds of illness. Hemay not have training in any one field of , but develops a wide knowledge of all kinds of illness. He babies, diagnoses diseases, surgery, and sets broken bones. The general practitioner often becomes extremely in the art of medical practice. _______ special ________ medicine _______ performs _______ delivers _______ skillful ■

    3. Before Reading_3.14 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Specialists Directions: Listen to the following paragraph and fill in the blanks. Certain fields of medicine require special training and skill. One specialist is a surgeon, who treats diseases by means of operations. Some doctors prefer to treat only certain kinds of illness, thus becoming specialists in their fields. Other doctors often consult them when a patient needs their special skill and knowledge. For example, a general practitioner might refer a pregnant woman to an obstetrician. The obstetrician cares for her and delivers her baby. A pediatrician, who specializes in diseases, then takes over the care of the infant. ________ advanced _______ surgical _______ chosen childhood ________ ■

    4. Before Reading_3.15 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Researchers Some doctors do not practice medicine after they complete medical training. They prefer to devote their time to medical research. These doctors often help teach future physicians in medical schools. At the same time, they use the laboratories and hospital facilities of the medical schools to conduct research programs. Many medical researchers work in large hospital centers, while many physicians conduct research programs in addition to their private practices. ■

    5. Before Reading_3.15 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Careers in Medicine in the US Directions: Listen to the paragraph and write down the steps to become a real doctor. To become a medical doctor in the US, one must attend four years of college and receive a bachelor’s degree, followed by four years of medical school. Then he becomes an intern in a hospital and receives supervised practical training. As an intern, he has to “make rounds” with other doctors, visiting hospital patients. He is supposed to help give special treatments and answer emergency calls in the hospital at any time of day and night. Finally he becomes a resident at a hospital. Like the intern, he learns by observing the work of others. But the resident has much more responsibility than the intern. He often assists experienced surgeons during operations. In an emergency, he may take over the work of the staff surgeon. Internship and residency combined take three to five years, ■

    6. Before Reading_3.16 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading depending on one’s areas of specialization. Hospitals have several interns and many residents on their staff. A resident who is completing his / her residency period and who has thereby distinguished himself / herself is selected to be chief resident, a position of greater responsibility. Key to attend 4 years of medical college and receive a bachelor’s degree _______________________________________________________ followed by 4 years of medical school _______________________________ an intern in a hospital _________________ a resident at a hospital __________________ selected to be a chief resident ________________________

    7. Before Reading_3.18 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Warm-up Questions 1. What do you think of a doctor’s life? It is busy, stable, clean exhausting, well-paid, respectable, responsible, etc. 2. What makes a successful surgeon? Medical Knowledge, sense of duty, self-confidence, rich experience, etc. 3. Have you ever been operated on? What do you think of the medical profession in China? 4. Do you want to be a doctor? Why or why not? 5. Are you afraid of making mistakes? What helps you overcome them? Can you give an example?

    8. Globe Reading_main Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 1. Part Division of the Text 2. Further Understanding For Part I Questions and Answers For Part II Oral Practice Blank Filling Multiple Choice Head Matching For Part III Questions and Answers

    9. Globe Reading.1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Part Division of the Text Parts Lines Main Ideas 1 1 — 9 The author raises the question and gives the answer.(Confidence is the key to success.) The author supports the main idea by giving examples. 2 10 — 45 3 46 — 52 The author repeats and strengthens the main idea. (Conceit encourages a doctor in trying moments.)

    10. Globe Reading.2-part2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Questions and Answers Directions: Go through the first two paragraphs and answer the following questions. 1. What question did Dr. Nolen ask himself as the year of his chief residency came to an end? How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? 2. What was his answer? His answer was self-confidence. 3. When can a doctor say to himself that he is indeed a surgeon? When he can say to himself ,“There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then is he indeed a surgeon.

    11. Globe Reading.2-part3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Oral Practice Go over paragraph three again and form a dialogue between a new resident at a hospital and one of his parents. He gives vent to his anxiety and his parents try to comfort him. Make full use of the information in this paragraph.

    12. Globe Reading.2-part3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Blank Filling Directions: Read the second part again and fill in the information to show the changes of the author. Past Now Reason for change Changes Learned to accept decision making as a constant problem for a surgeon and could live with it. Sleeping was no longer a problem. __________________ ________ Had trouble getting back to sleep. _______________________ __________________________ __________________________ _________ ____________ ____ Sleeping Reviewed all the facts of the case and wondered if he had made a poor decision. Had knowledge and experience. ________________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ ____________ Any decision he had made was bound to be a sound one. ________________ ________________ _____________ Making decisions

    13. Globe Reading.2-part4 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Past Now Reason for change Changes Had the knowledge, the skill and the experience to handle any surgical situation in practice. No need to sweat any more and could handle whatever he found. There were butterflies in his stomach and he sweated through the operation. _________ ____________ ____________ ________ _________ _________ __________________ __________________ ________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ During operation _____________ Was afraid of it. Knew they were part of a surgeon’s life. Still dreaded errors—would do best to avoid them. ____________________ _____________ __________________ __________________ _____ Making mistakes

    14. KEY KEY Globe Reading.2-part3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Multiple Choices 1. When he first became a resident, Dr. Nolen had trouble going to sleep because ____________. A) he was not confident that he had made a right decision B) he was nervous about what would happen to other doctors C) he was waiting for the emergency call D) he was reviewing all the facts of a certain case 2. In the last month of his residency, sleeping was no longer a problem because ___________. A) he has got used to the emergency calls B) he has learned to make no mistakes C) he has gained confidence in himself D) he was sure that the decisions he had made were all sound ones

    15. KEY KEY Globe Reading.2-part3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 3. What can you infer from the sentence “I had sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures”? A) The author has done all kinds of surgical operations. B) The author was very busy every day. C) The author was nervous in dealing with these operations. D) The author found his work very exciting. 4. Now the author has learned to __________. A) take the sole responsibility for the mistake in judgment B) avoid making mistakes in judgment C) anticipate the problem in advance D) take it easy when he has made a mistake

    16. KEY Globe Reading.2-part4 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 5. According to Dr. Nolen a surgeon needs conceit to____________. A) answer the emergency calls B) bring him through times of doubt and uncertainty C) perform a difficult operation D) live with his mistakes in judgment

    17. Globe Reading.2-part3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Head Matching This text has seven paragraphs. Choose the suitable heading for each paragraph from the list of headings (1-7). Write the appropriate number after each heading. There are more headings than paragraphs so you will not use all of them. I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. The time when a doctor finally becomes a “surgeon”. Self-confidence is the key to the making of a surgeon. A surgeon needs conceit to encourage him. Decisions I had made were sound ones. Examples to show the lack of confidence. Dreaded the ringing of the telephone call. Had butterflies in stomach when performed operation. Not afraid of making mistakes. Equally confident in the operating room. Mistakes are part of a surgeon’s life. Sleeping was no longer a problem. Sweated over operations for five years.

    18. Example Para 1 Answer I Globe Reading.2-part4 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading ___ II Para 2 Para 3 Para 4 Para 5 Para 6 Para 7 ___ V ___ XI ___ IX ___ VIII ___ III

    19. Globe Reading.2-part3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Questions and Answers What does the author want to emphasize in the last part? Conceit encourages a doctor in trying moments.

    20. Article Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading A famous surgeon tells about the importance of self-confidence from his own experience.

    21. Article1_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading The Making of a Surgeon Dr. Nolen How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion. The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point.

    22. Article1_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading The Making of a Surgeon Dr. Nolen How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion. The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point.

    23. Article1_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading The Making of a Surgeon 1. Why does the author use double negation here? Dr. Nolen Double negation for emphatic purpose. 双重否定,表示强调。若改成肯定句后,语气变弱。 How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion. The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 我能胜任对任何外科病人的治疗,我的治疗和其他外科医生一样高明,甚至比其他医生更高明。

    24. Article1_W_making Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading making: n. The Making of a Surgeon 1) the process of being made or coming into being Dr. Nolen 只有艰苦的工作才能造就他。 Hard work will be the making of him. How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion. The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point. The making of the Chinese is an interesting subject. 2) the qualities needed He has the makings of a doctor. Einstein had in him the makings of a great scientist. Collocation: make believe 假装;假扮 make for 匆匆走向;扑向 make out 写出;辨认出;理解 make up 补充;捏造,编造;组成 make up for 补偿;弥补

    25. Article1_W_recognize Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading The Making of a Surgeon recognize: vt. 1) know or identify (somebody or something) again that one has seen or heard before Dr. Nolen How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion. The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point. 你变化太大了,我几乎认不出了。 I can hardly recognize you because you’ve changed such a lot. Jane recognized Mary in the photograph. 2) admit or be willing to accept somebody or something as beingreal They refused to recognize our government. 我们承认他的行为是不对的。 We recognized that his act was not right.

    26. Article1_W_draw to a close Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading The Making of a Surgeon draw to a close: come to an end, draw to an end Dr. Nolen 这学期就快结束了。 How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion. The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point. This semester is drawing to a close. The debate drew to a close finally.

    27. Article1_W_conclude Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading conclude: vt. 1) come to believe after consideration of known facts The Making of a Surgeon The jury concluded that the man was not guilty. Dr. Nolen 医生们经过讨论,认为病人太虚弱,不宜手术。 How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion. The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point. Doctors concluded after the discussion that the patient was too weak to be operated on. 2) come or bring to an end We concluded the meeting at 8 o’clock. 我们8点结束了会议。 He concluded his speech by saying “thank you”. NB: conclude的名词形式是conclusion。conclusion常与下面的动词、介词搭配,如: arrive at come to a draw a reach a conclusion 得出结论 in conclusion 综上所述,总之 jump to a conclusion 轻率地下结论

    28. Article1_W_treat Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading voyage treat: vt. use drugs, exercises, etc. in order to cure a person of a disease or heal an injure The Making of a Surgeon It is said that he was being treated for a rare skin disease. 西医往往是治标不治本。 Dr. Nolen Western medicine tends to treat symptoms and not cause. How does a doctor recognize the point in time when he is finally a “surgeon”? As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one occasion. The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence. When you can say to yourself, “There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any other surgeon” — then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. I was nearing that point. CF: treat, cure & heal 这三个动词都有“ 治疗,诊治”的意思。 treat指为某人诊断治疗,强调治疗过程,不强调治疗结果。 cure指治愈,治好,使病人恢复健康。 heal尤指伤口痊愈,治愈。 Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary. 1. Which doctor is her for her illness? _______ treating 2. Doctor him of his disease. ______ cured 3. The wound is not yet. ________ healed cure 4. It is said that rest in bed may a cold. _____ ____ 5. I will take three months for the broken bone to up. heal

    29. Article2_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and, not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.

    30. Article2_w Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and, not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.

    31. Article2_S_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 1. Who are Walt and Larry? Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and, Walt and Larry are pet names for Walter and Lawrence, two very common English names. Here the author only means that after he had told this person or that person what to do… 2. Can you offer them an equivalent Chinese translation? 张三李四 not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.

    32. Article2_S_2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and, Why doesn’t the author use “frequently” instead of “not infrequently”? 这里的not infrequently等于frequently。此种用法是双重否定,等于肯定,目的是加强语气。not + 带否定的前缀词是一种常见的双重否定结构,表示肯定的意思。 He doesn’t feel improper at all. 他根本不觉得有什么不妥。 This is not unreasonable. not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax. 这不是没道理的。

    33. Article2_w_encounter Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading encounter: vt. meet unexpectedly, be faced with (something bad, especially a danger or difficulty) 他们在旅行中遇到许多困难。 Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and, They encountered many difficulties during their trip. I encountered an old friend of mine on my way home. CF: encounter & meet 这两个动词都有“碰到、遇到”的意思。 encounter注重强调一种偶然和意外,还强调遭遇之意。 meet是常用词,不如encounter正式。 not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax. Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary. __________ 1. Many men were lost in the forest when they a lion. encountered _____ meet 2. It was so kind of you to come all the way to us. __________ 3. They the enemy in border clashes. encountered

    34. Article2_w_critical Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and, critical: adj. 1) of a crisis; at a turning point of danger or difficulty 他的情况很危险。 His condition is reported as being critical. We are at a critical time in our history. 2) finding fault, judging severely 她用挑剔的眼光去看每一件事。 She looks on everything with a critical eye. not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax. He made a critical remark on the latest shown film.

    35. Article2_w_have... Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading have trouble doing something: have difficulty (in) doing something Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and, 我的汽车发动不起来。 I had trouble getting my car started. 这小男孩转不动球。 The little boy has trouble getting the ball moving. Collocation: have difficulty (in) doing something 做某事有困难 have good time doing something 有足够时间做某事 have problem doing something not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax. 做某事有问题 have fun doing something 做某事有趣

    36. Article2_w_relax Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. The first few months of the year I had dreaded the ringing of the telephone. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, I’d have trouble getting back to sleep. I’d review all the facts of the case and, relax: v. become less active or rigid The music will help you relax. 我们今天去野餐,放松一下。 Let’s relax ourselves by going on a picnic. not infrequently, wonder if I hadn’t made a poor decision. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, I’d get out of bed, dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.

    37. Article3_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live with it. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

    38. Article3_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

    39. Article3_S_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live with it. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. 1. What does it refer to? It refers to the things mentioned above. 即医生不敢确定自己做的决定是否正确是常有的事,这个问题永远也无法完全解决。 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 在某些情况下我仍然不能确定自己做的决定是否正确,但我已学会把这看成是一名外科医生经常会遇到的问题,一个永远也无法完全解决的问题——我已能适应它了。 In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

    40. Article3_S_2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live with it. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. Paraphrase the sentence. I was no longer nervous or anxious when I was performing an operation. In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

    41. Article3_S_3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live with it. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. 1. Paraphrase the sentence. I had been nervous and anxious while painstakingly treating the serious wounds such as stab wounds in the abdomen, punctured lungs and compound fractures. I had been nervous for five years and I needn’t be so nervous any more. In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more. 3. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 在我手上,我战战兢兢地治疗过像腹部刺伤、肺部穿孔以及复合性骨折等病例。这类外科手术我已经战战兢兢地干了五年,现在我不必再担惊受怕了。

    42. Article3_W_constant Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. constant: adj. 1) happening all the time; continuous Constant changes of the society make some people feel puzzled and at a loss about what to do. 他总是抱怨头痛。 He has a constant complaint about his headache. In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more. 2) fixed, unchanging Temperature is at a constant 26 degrees in this room.

    43. Article3_W_resolve Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. resolve: vt. 1) find an answer to One way to resolve the present financial problem is to practice economy. 两国的纠纷已经和平解决了。 The dispute between the two countries has been resolved peacefully. 2) decide or determine 他决心要成功。 He resolved to succeed. In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more. John resolved that nothing could hold him back. CF: resolve& solve 这两个动词均含“解决”之意。 resolve主要指对问题或情况进行细微的分析或思索,以得出结论或找到解决途径。例如: The Cabinet met to resolve the crisis. 内阁开会以解决危机。 solve 普通用词,含义广,指为有一定难度的问题找到满意的答复。例如: The teacher teaches his students to solve a mathematical equation. 那位教师教他的学生解数学方程式。

    44. Article3_W_live with Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. live with: accept something unpleasant without complaint 我们不喜欢史密斯的课,但是为了能够毕业,我们不得不忍受。 We don’t like Professor Smith’s class, but we have to live with it in order to graduate. 我不能忍受噪音了。 In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more. I can’t live with the noise. Collocation: live for 为…而生活 live high 过奢侈生活 live up to 遵守(诺言);不辜负(期望); live with oneself 保持自尊心

    45. Article3_W_dwell on Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. dwell on: think about; speak or write a lot about 不要再过多地思考过去。过去的就让它过去吧。 Don’t dwell so much on your past. Let bygones be bygones. The speaker dwelt on that subject for more than one hour. In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

    46. Article3_W_bound Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. bound: 1. adj. 1) be certain; be sure 只要你像我一样努力,你一定会成功的. You are bound to succeed if you work as hard as me. Hitler was bound to fail because of evil acts. In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more. 2) going (for, to) The bus is bound for Shanghai at 2:30. 2. vi. jump upward or forward 他欣喜万分。 His heart bounded with joy. The ball struck the wall and bounded back to me.

    47. Article3_W_sound Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. sound: adj. 1) not wrong, based on reason 要任何人在任何时候都做出正确的判断并非易事。 It is not easy for anyone to make sound judgment at anytime. 2) in good condition; healthy, without disease or damage In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more. The missing boy returned home yesterday safe and sound. 我怀疑他头脑是否清楚。 I wonder if he is sound in his mind.

    48. Article3_W_handle Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. handle: vt. deal with; treat or manage 一位称职的老师应该知道如何管理学生。 A qualified teacher should know how to handle students in class. 我们俩都会骑自行车了。 We both can handle our bicycles. Handle with care for there are glass cups inside. CF: handle, manage, deal with & cope with 这些动词或短语都含有“处理,对付”之意。 In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more. handle 从原义“手柄”,引申作“处理”解时,意思是管理和操纵。 manage 指处理日常事务与工作,也可指经营管理。 deal with既可指处理具体事情,也可指处理或解决具有抽象意义的问题。cope with指成功地处理或对付更为重大,更为严重的问题或事物。 Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary. 1) I'm sorry I'm late. I had an urgent call to . ________ deal with 2) Kerry has been asked to a new department. ________ manage 3) Local authorities have to the problems of homelessness. ________ cope with ______ 4) The police the traffic very efficiently. handle

    49. Article3_W_butterflies... Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. butterflies in one’s stomach: feel nervous or anxious 当我第一次站在公众面前时,心里紧张极了。 I had butterflies in my stomach when I first stood in front of the public. The young violinist always has butterflies in his stomach whenever he performs. In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.

    50. Article3_W_anticipate Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live withit. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling. anticipate: vt. see beforehand Don’t anticipate your income before you finish the job. 他期待着一个美丽的夜晚。 He anticipates a beautiful evening. anticipate 后面不可加不定式,可跟动名词和名词。例如: NB: In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I’d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more. Do you anticipate meeting any trouble? 你预料会有麻烦吗?