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TEACHING ACROSS AGE LEVELS. By : Marisol Barraza. Children are superior to adults when it comes learning a language succesfully . Why is this a myth ?. TEACHING CHILDREN. What f actors must be considered when teaching children ?. INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT.

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teaching across age levels

TEACHING ACROSS AGE LEVELS

By: Marisol Barraza

slide2

Children are superior toadultswhenit comes learning a languagesuccesfully.

Whyisthis a myth?

teaching children
TEACHING CHILDREN

Whatfactorsmustbeconsideredwhenteachingchildren?

intellectual development
INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
  • Children 7-11: Concrete OperationalStage (Piaget, 1972)
  • At this age have difficulty using deductive logic. (from general to specific)
  • Example: All oranges are fruits All fruits grow on trees Therefore, all oranges grow on trees.
intellectual development5
INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT

Children are centered in:

  • thehere and now.
  • Thefunctionalpurposes of language.

Children cannot understand the use of metalanguage used to explain linguistic concepts. (grammar, structures)

in the classroom
In theclassroom
  • Don't use metalanguage to explain grammar
  • Avoid rules stated in abstract terms (grammar activities)
  • Certain patterns may be taught if the teacher is able to show the students.
  • Certain patterns require more repetition (meaningful)
attention span
ATTENTION SPAN

Comparedtoadults, childrenhave short attentionspan.

Whyisthisnotentirely true?

attention span8
ATTENTION SPAN

Childrenhave short attentionspanfor material thatis:

  • Boring
  • Useless
  • Difficult

In theclassroom, Lessonshavetobeinteresting.

What do teachersneedto do?

in the classroom9
In theclassroom
  • Designactivitiesthat capture thestudents´immediateinterest (here and now)
  • Providevariety in activities
  • Theteacherneedstobeanimated, lively and enthusiastic.
  • Theteacherneedstohave a sense of humor.
  • Tapintothestudents´curiosity.
sensory input
SENSORY INPUT
  • Childrenneedtohaveallfivesensesstimulated:

Hearing

Seeing

Smelling

Tasting

Touching

What do teachers need to do in the classroom?

in the classroom11
In theclassroom
  • Complementyourlessonswithphysicalactivities (TPR, role play, games)
  • Projects and handsonactivities (words,structures, practicemeaningfullanguage)
  • Smelling, tasting, touching and Audiovisuals
  • Nonverballanguage (gestures and bodylanguage)
affective factors
AFFECTIVE FACTORS

Children are notaffectedbytheinhibitionsthat block adults in theirlearning.

Whyisthis a myth?

affective factors13
AffectiveFactors

Childrenhavemanyinhibitions and are more fragilethanadults:

  • Extremelysensitivetoclassmates
  • Their egos are ontheprocess of beingshaped

What do teachersneedto do in theclassroom?

in the classroom14
In theclassroom
  • Have students laugh at each others errors
  • Be patient and supportivebutfirm in yourexpectations
  • Encourage oral participation as much as possible (evenfromthequietones)
authentic meaningful learning
AUTHENTIC, MEANINGFUL LEARNING
  • Childrenwillbeinterested in learning a languageifthey can use itfor HERE and Now.
in the classroom16
In theclassroom
  • Avoid stilted language (not common)
  • Use context embedded language (in a context: dialogues, story lines, familiar situations and characters)
  • Use the whole language approach (Language as a vehicle for communication)
teaching adults
TeachingAdults
  • Many rules toteachingchildrenmayapplytoteachingadults.
  • Adultshavesuperior cognitiveabilitiesthanchildren
  • They can create mental imagesand dealwithlanguagethatisnotembedded (isolated).
  • Adultshavetheselfconfidencethatchildrenlack.
in class assignment
In classAssignment
  • Divide intotwogroups. Prepare a comparison chart of `thingsto do and thingstoavoidwhenteachingchildren, teenagers and adults.