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Islamic Exploration - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Islamic Exploration

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  1. Islamic Exploration

  2. History of Islam • 622: hijra, hegira • 630: return to Mecca • 632: Death of Muhammad • -750 rapid expansion of Islam, Arabic language and culture

  3. Islamic Astronomical Knowledge • Inheritors of Greek and Hellenistic knowledge • Indian and Persian knowledge • Book of Fixed Stars • astrolabe

  4. Book of Fixed Stars

  5. Early Islamic astrolabe, 10th c, SOAS How to use and astrolabe

  6. Islamic cartography • Some Persian inheritance • kishvars • Inheritors of Greco-Hellenistic knowledge • Bahlki school • Production of world maps, regional maps, atlases • Ad-Idrisi school • Books of Curiosities

  7. Kishvars

  8. Fusion Geography!

  9. Islamic Trade • Pax Islamica • Arab Empire as world’s leading economic power (until 13th c) • Trade between Charlemagne and Harun al-Rashid

  10. Islamic Travellers • Ibn Battuta (c. 1304-1369) • Rihla • Mansa Musa (r. 1312-1330? 1337?)

  11. Manu I