Exploration What were the reasons for and impact of European exploration? Does exploration always produce positive changes?
Early Exploration-Interacting with New Cultures • When Europeans began to explore the seas in the late 1400s they came in contact with many new peoples, places, and things. • What can happen when cultures meet? Economically? Politically? Socially?
IMAGINE you are one of the Spaniards or Native Americans pictured here……
Explorers and their Purpose for Exploring • Investigate chapter 15, section 1: The Search for Spices to discover: • The purpose of early exploration • New technologies • Major early Explorers (such as Columbus!) • Areas explored/’discovered’ by Europeans
The Search for Spices- A review • Demand for trade goods in Europe • Most valued were spices such as cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, and pepper. • What were they used for? • Sought a direct route to the riches of Asia
New Techniques and Technologies Cartographers Caravel Astrolabe
Explorers for Portugal Henry the Navigator Bartholomeu Dias Vasco Da Gama *Travel around Africa to get to Asia
Columbus Sails West • Financed by Spain (though he was Italian) • They wanted new sources of wealth (GOLD) • They wanted to spread Christianity (GOD)
Splitting up the New World *Line of Demarcation: dividing line between Portugal and Spain
Circumnavigating the Globe Magellan attempted to sail around the world.