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Exploration. Early Exploration of the US and North Carolina. Main Points. Part One The Start of Exploration Christopher Columbus Other Explorers Impact of Native Americans Part 2 The Columbian Exchange Part 3 Exploration and North Carolina. What Lead to Exploration.

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  1. Exploration Early Exploration of the US and North Carolina

  2. Main Points Part One • The Start of Exploration • Christopher Columbus • Other Explorers • Impact of Native Americans Part 2 • The Columbian Exchange Part 3 • Exploration and North Carolina

  3. What Lead to Exploration • Renaissance Period same time as Age of Exploration • Question previous ideas and concepts • Rebirth • Scientific Method instead of Faith and God • European nations hoped to find new trade routes, spread Christianity, gain wealth, build empires • GOD, GOLD, GLORY • Vasco Da Gama and Henry the Navigator of Portugal lead the way by exploring a path around Africa to the East Indies

  4. The Crusades

  5. Christopher Columbus • Was he the first to discover the Americas? (Leif Erickson 11th Century)) • Hoped to reach Asia by sailing West through Atlantic Ocean • Italian who sailed for Spain (Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand paid for his voyage) • 1492, Columbus set sail with 3 ships: the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria • 10/12: Thought they found India (Actually the Caribbean)

  6. European CountriesEngland, Netherlands, France, Spain, Portugal

  7. Christopher Columbus • In the New World, Columbus called Native peoples “Indians” thinking that he was in the Indies • Natives wore gold jewelry (gold in the New World) • Columbus’ 2nd voyage discovered Puerto Rico

  8. Other Explorers • Many followed the route of Columbus • Amerigo Vespucci (named the Americas) • Ferdinand Magellan discovers passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific

  9. http://www.history.com/videos/mystery-roanoke#mystery-roanokehttp://www.history.com/videos/mystery-roanoke#mystery-roanoke • http://www.phschool.com/atschool/ahon/history_interactive/mvl-1021/common_player.html • http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/kids/history-kids/christopher-columbus-kids/

  10. Effects on Native Americans • Treated as a source of labor on plantations and encomiendas • Explorers felt it was their duty to convert Natives to Christianity (uncivilized people) • Native Americans population drops rapidly due to diseases from Europe • European colonies need new labor source • 1517, 4,000 African slaves were brought to the Caribbean

  11. The Columbian Exchange • Changing the World through global interaction • What is the Columbian Exchange? • How did it impact Europe? • How did it impact the Americas? • How does it effect present day culture?

  12. Written Response • Imagine you were a Sailor with Columbus. How would you interact with the Natives when you first met them? Remember why you are exploring (the 3 G’s). • Would you treat them well?

  13. Columbian Exchange • Exchange of goods, people, plants, diseases, culture, and ideas between the Old and the New World • What are some possible goods? • What do they mean by people?

  14. The Exchange • 5 things that were transferred from the Old World to New World: • 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. • 5 things that were transferred from the New World to Old World: • 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

  15. Diseases (Small Pox), Livestock, Banana, Coffee, Grapes • Corn, Avocado, Pumpkin, Tobacco, Peppers

  16. Impact on the Old World • New crops were grown in the Old World • Lead to new foods and economic resources. Change in culture from different foods • Irish would not have had potatoes if not for Columbian Exchange and Italians would not be using Tomatoes for their sauce • Native Americans brought back for slaves • People left Europe to gain wealth in the Americas • New diseases spread but not nearly as bad as in the Americas

  17. Impact on New World • New crops grown in the Americas. Food, economic resources, and culture change • Horses, cattle, chicken change type of farming and food in the New World • Native Americans killed by European diseases that Europeans were immune to • Slavery brought to New World to work on large farms (plantations)

  18. Impact on the World Today • Beginning of Globalization…what is globalization? • Process by which the world becomes more familiar and in sync with the rest of the world • Without the Columbian Exchange would chicken be a main food item? • How did new crops affect economies? Then and now? • Has some of our ancestry been affected?

  19. Write 3 Possible ways the Columbian Exchange has impacted our world today: • How would life be different if the exchange never took place?

  20. How NC got its Name • Explorers named their findings or new colonies after themselves, cities in their homeland or their king or queen. • North Carolina was named after King Charles I and King Charles II of England. The name "Carolina" comes from the Latin word "Carolinus," meaning "of Charles."

  21. The Boy Columbus

  22. The Boy Columbus Questions 1. Where did Christopher Columbus live as a young boy? 2. According to this brief sketch, what language did Columbus study at school? 3. How old was Columbus when he made his first voyage “upon the great blue sea”? 4. Lisbon is the capital city of what European country? 5. Imagine that you are Columbus, growing up in a coastal trading town. Might you be drawn to sailing? Why or why not?

  23. King John II of Portugal & Columbus John II, then king of Portugal, was convinced that these notions of Columbus, as the people were pleased to call them, were not so absurd as they seemed. “The man knows what he is talking about, I believe,” said he. “I will get his plans, pretend to favor them, pretend to be willing to aid him—then we’ll see who will have the honor of the first expedition, Columbus, the Genoese wool-comber’s son, or John II, King of Portugal!” And so this mean King led Columbus on to tell his reasons for believing the earth to be round. When he had learned all, and had stolen the maps and charts which Columbus had made, he secretly sent out a vessel and ordered the captain to follow closely the route that Columbus had marked out. This was a mean trick, and no wonder it did not succeed. A great storm arose. The waves rolled high and tumbled and broke above them mountains high. The thunder rumbled and the lightning flashed. Terror-stricken, the sailors turned homeward. A more miserable crew never sailed back to Lisbon than this crew sent out by King John II. Columbus, disappointed with the King, took his little son, Diego, with him, left the country, and went to Spain.

  24. King John II of Portugal & Columbus Questions: 1. Who reigned as king of Portugal at this time? 2. What did John II do with the maps and charts of Columbus? 3. What happened to the vessel that was sent out by John II? 4. Where did Columbus take his son when he left Portugal? 5. Imagine that you are Christopher Columbus, trying to find a financial backer for your voyage. How might you react to John II’s actions? Explain.

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