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Exploration

Exploration

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Exploration

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  1. Exploration Chapter 13

  2. Europe Expands Overseas • Spain, Portugal, England, France, Netherlands • “God, Gold, Glory” • Spread Christianity (Catholicism) • Fame and Adventure • Wealth, trade, gold

  3. Explorers • Bartholomeu Dias (Portugal) • Rounded Cape of Good Hope -1488 • Vasco da Gama (Portugal) • Made huge profit in India • John Cabot (England) • New England • Christopher Columbus (Spain) • “Discovered” Americas - 1492 • Ferdinand Magellan (Spain) • Crew was first to circumnavigate world - 1522 • Amerigo Vespucci (Italy) • Provided name for Americas

  4. Spanish Empire • Conquistadors • Hernan Cortes • Conquers Aztecs • Francisco Pizarro • Conquers Incas • Massive death for natives • Mostly from disease (smallpox) • Wanted to convert natives to Catholicism • Missions and missionaries • Established plantations • Grow cash crops (sugar, cotton) • Columbian Exchange • Plants and animals from Old World to New World

  5. Other European Colonies • Dutch • New Netherlands (New York) • French • Canada and Louisiana • English • Virginia and Massachusetts, Eastern Seaboard

  6. Slave Trade • Colonies in New World • Mercantilism • Balance of Trade • Plantations • Need slaves • Triangular Trade (1500’s-1600’s) • Middle Passage (Slaves) • Slaves bought with gold and goods • Villages raided, devastate cultures

  7. Colonial Latin America • Spain • Central, South and North America • Portugal • Brazil • Social Classes • Peninsulares, Creoles, Mestizos, Mulattoes • Economy • Gold and Silver • Farming (Plantations) • Trade • Christianity • Catholic Missionaries • Dominicans, Franciscans, Jesuits • Establish missions in villages