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Government to invest in setting up good quality schools across the country 6000 new high quality schools One school per block To set standards of excellence for other schools in the area. 1. Backdrop 1.1 Prime Minister’s Independence Day, 2007 Announcement. 1.2 Rationale.
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schools across the country
6000 new high quality schools
One school per block
To set standards of excellence for other schools in the area1. Backdrop 1.1 Prime Minister’s Independence Day, 2007 Announcement
Some of the key features of a model school are:
2.1 Government Schools and PPP Schools
Critical inputs which need to be provided are :
- Physical Infrastructure
- Quality dimensions of education
- effective teaching learning processes
- professional development of teachers
- Institutional reforms
- Long term management of these newly created Model Schools as centres of excellence
Some of the possibilities are :
- Private sector to set up and manage schools
- Certain percentage of seats to be sponsored by Government; remaining left to the Management
- To be set up in Blocks other than EBBs
- Land to be provided by Private Partner; State Government to be the facilitator
Some possibilities (Contd.)
- Full independence to private partner in operational matters including recruitment of teachers (as per
- Private partner to charge fee in respect of management seats to recover operational expenses
- Schools to be affiliated either to CBSE or to State Boards of School Education.
Some Possibilities (Contd.)
- Certain portion of Capital Cost to be provided by Government of India and State Government on annuity payment basis after the school is functional
- State Government to provide recurring cost for the sponsored students based on per capita expenditure in Government schools
- Kendriya Vidyalaya norms to be the guiding principle
- Designing Templates for infrastructure
- Supervision of the Project and Management of maintenance of school after creation
- Upgradation of aspects related to physical, cognitive, administrative and professional and social environment
- Designing of a modern digital lab equipped with Computers and other IT facilities for imparting IT skills and training for students and teachers
- Designing administrative software to facilitate the administrative work
- Creating a learning hub that will facilitate sharing of lessons, presentations, question banks as well as IT based modules. It will act as Learning Resource Centre for neigbhouring schools.
- Creating an educational portal that will network the community and will serve as an interactive plateform for individual schools, teachers, parents administrators, funding agencies and other stake holders.
- Increasing use of ICT in capacity building of Teachers (Pre- Service and In-service ).
- Students to be exposed to state-of-the –art IT infrastructure and skills. This includes infrastructure and back up facilities with generators, battery etc.
- Computer Aided Learning Content (CAL)
- Development of multimedia content in all the subject areas based on NCF-2005, or the State Curriculum as may be relevant
- Teacher training on IT skills in classroom teaching
Plan of action to undertake
- Planning, development and implementation of EDUSAT related interventions, especially for enhancement of Classroom Teaching Learning and for teacher training in all model schools with uniformity of quality
- Installation and functioning of uplinking facilities
- Installation of Interactive Video facilities
- Generation of software; Development of virtualclassroom by experts.
- Teacher training to inculcate management skills, soft skills, teaching skills in teachers enabling them to become multifunctional
- Content based training systems including remedial teaching with special focus on Science, Maths, IT and English
To link all interventions in the institutional structures at State, Districts and Block levels for quality improvement and on-site support to teachers
While the Govt. would be the main service provider for the social sector, the private sector could bring about:
- Innovative management systems
- Project management systems
- Professional performance measurement indicators
- Technical expertise in different areas
Credible and large private partners working in this sector would by requsted to coalesce their efforts with the Government for taking up such a large sectoral programme, having the experience of programme and implementation Capabilities for large programme with the Govt.
- Need for larger financial allocations to ensure quality delivery of services with long term management
- Private sector would become a partner with the commitment of funds to the newly created joint body.
- This long term partnership would ease the burden on the Govt. and easy to meet.
- Minimal budgetary outlay up-front by the Govt.
- Govt. obligation will commence after the schools are established and are running to Govt. satisfaction
- Higher levels of accountability as contractual agreements with the private sector can be enforced
- Time bound implementation
- Standard of construction and design to be pre- specified
- Innovative and professional approaches to quality education with uniformity and standardization of quality across locations.
- Private sector to be an entity of large financial strength and experience of arranging finances for large Govt. projects
- Two models for the PPP Programme
Model I - Development of Physical infrastructure, upgradation to be taken primarily through PPPs, but operational part not to be done by Private partner
Model 2 Development of Physical infrastructure and providing all facilities including operating and running these schools.
- Govt would partner with Private agency in funding the expenditure on capital and recurring costs.
- Private sector to arrange funds four times that of Govt. funding
- Selection of a private sector to act as National Programme Management Agency to implement porgramme in a transparent manner through setting up specific instruments called specific purpose vehicles (SPV) in the states for various tasks
1 GOI and the private sector to sign MOU for a long term for a period of 20-30 years, after which, the contract can be renewed or terminated.
2. State Govt. to provide an enabling and facilitative atmosphere for the private sector to participate and start implementation.
3. For this project, recognition, clearances, affiliation and other formalities to be done by the state through a single agency.
5. Selection of private sector on the basis of track record of working in PPP framework on large scale, good financial strength to arrange for the requisite funds, programme management expertise, insight into project implementation, experience in large scale education, training and Capacity building.
6. For setting up Specific instrument, i.e. specific propose vehicle (SPV), the proportion of the cost to be borne by GOI and private sector participant would be clearly specified
7 Joint Monitoring system under MHRD involving representatives of State Govts., Eminent Educationists and Private sector representatives
8 A Steering Committee of the GOI and the private sector National Programme Management Agency to be set up for monitoring quality and timely implementation
10. A School based teacher cadre system for motivation and accountability of teachers
11. Teacher recruitment to be done by the private partner through an independent agency through written test and Interview
12. Teacher/ Principal qualifications, their salary should be same as in KVs
14. Implementation of NCF and Text books developed by National or State organizations
15. Model schools to be residential schools with the facilities of Boys and Girls hostels.
16. Quarters for women teachers in School premises
18. Fees of sponsored students to be reimbursed to the Private Partner according to the fee structure in KV/Govt. School. Fee structure of Fee paying students to be decided by the Committee with Govt. representative
19. All sponsored as well as Fee paying students to be admitted through admission test. Merit not be compromised in selection
(i) Model Schools not merely as centres of excellence, but to act as hub for other neighbouring schools for quality improvement
(ii) Model Schools to have a Vocational education component to enhance employability of the students
(iii) Vocational Education and training to be imparted in second shift (evening )
(iv) These schools will also be required to work as Accredited Institutions (Study Centres) for learners under Open & Distance Learning system either through NIOS or SOS.
PPP framework can be presented in various ways depending on the risk and responsibilities of private sector, and also on the range of services to be provided.
For example :
- Out sourcing ancillary services only in the existing secondary schools.
- Building construction and maintenance catering, etc.
- Full Public Private Partnership where the private sector is contracted to provide all teaching learning non-teaching– learning and services including construction work.