american history chapter 17 world war ii the road to war 1931 1941 l.
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American History Chapter 17: World War II: The Road to War (1931 – 1941). II. Europe Goes to War. Objectives. Understand how the German invasion of Poland led to war with Britain and France. See what wartime victories and setbacks Germany experienced in western Europe.

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Presentation Transcript
objectives
Objectives
  • Understand how the German invasion of Poland led to war with Britain and France.
  • See what wartime victories and setbacks Germany experienced in western Europe.
  • Find out why the Battle of Britain was an important victory for Britain.
bell ringer
Bell Ringer
  • Germany’s successful attack plan called blitzkreig gave them quick key victories in Poland, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, and France.
  • What type of tactical advantage did these early victories give Germany?
  • What were some “new fighting techniques” used in the Civil War and WWI?
a invasion of poland
A) Invasion of Poland
  • Page 575
  • After the conquest of Czechoslovakia, Britain and France abandon appeasement and warn Hitler not to take Poland
  • Hitler did not want a 2 front war – signs the 10 year Nonagression Pact with Stalin and the USSR. Secret part was to divide up Poland and rest of Eastern Europe.
  • Sept 1st, 1939 WWII starts – Poland falls
b war in the west
B) War in the West
  • Sitzkreig: “phony war” period of several months after the fall of Poland of no fighting.
  • Maginot Line – French defense – concrete wall between Germany and France
  • Germans attack Norway on April 9th, Norway, Denmark, Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Belgium all fall quickly
  • German army races through France and divides its army into 2.
  • Miracle at Dunkirk: 350,000 British and French troops trapped on beach – 9 days and tremendous effort rescues all but 30,000. Fight another day.
the fall of france
The Fall of France
  • June 14th 1940 Paris falls
  • June 22nd, France surrenders
  • France divided into 2 – North and Atlantic coast controlled by Germany, the South out of Vichy, controlled by France
  • collaboration: close cooperation
  • Resistance: groups of French citizens who sabotaged German operations in France
  • French in England formed the Free French under General Charles de Gaulle – still fought the Germans with colonies.
  • Britain stands alone against Germany

10) allies: Britain, US, and USSR

c the battle of britain
C) The Battle of Britain
  • Chamberlain replaced by Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of England
  • Germany ready to invade England – need air superiority first – Luftwaffe – German air force (Nazi)
  • Battle of Britain – RAF
  • German bombers get lost – bomb London –British retaliate and bomb Berlin – Hitler orders bombing of London instead of factories – 1st big mistake.
  • 20,000 Londoners died
  • British break the Enigma code – know where they are going to be attacked – also had Radar.
  • RAF – win the battle of Britain
review
Review
  • How did the German invasion of Poland lead to war with Britain and France?
  • What wartime victories and setbacks did Germany experience in western Europe?
  • Why was the Battle of Britain an important victory for Britain?