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The American Revolution - War in the South-1780. Buford’s Massacre and Bloody Tarleton, the Tide Turns. Discussion Points The People of America 1775 and Their Politics The State of the War in 1778-79 British Leaders and War Plans for 1780 Invasion of the South and the

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the american revolution war in the south 1780

The American Revolution - War in the South-1780

Buford’s Massacre and Bloody Tarleton, the Tide Turns

slide3

Discussion Points

    • The People of America 1775 and Their Politics
    • The State of the War in 1778-79
    • British Leaders and War Plans for 1780
    • Invasion of the South and the
    • Siege of Charles Town
slide4

Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton the British Legion & Col. Abraham Buford and the 11th Virginia 3rd Detachment

  • Battle of the Waxhaws
  • The Aftermath
  • The Battlefield Today
  • Friends of the Buford Massacre Battlefield
people of america 1775
People of America 1775
  • Population of the colonies and there ethnic origins
  • The great majority of the population of both North and South Carolina is in the Western mountains and the bulk of these people are Scots-Irish.
politics of the south
Politics of the South
  • Supporters of the American Cause are called Whigs or Patriots and by the British those damned Rebels.
  • Those that are in favor of remaining with the British Crown are called Tories or Loyalists.
  • Before the British invasion of 1780 the population of the Carolinas is equally divided in their politics with one third of the population Loyalist, one third Whig and the remaining third being neutral.
the state of the war in 1779
The State of the War in 1779
  • Most of the battles prior to 1780 are fought in the Northern and Middle Colonies
  • By 1779 the war had evolved into a stalemate.
  • American forces controlled most of the rural areas, and port cities however British blockades disrupted commerce.
battle of the waxhaws
Battle of the Waxhaws
  • Col. Buford and his 3rd detachment of the 11th Virginia Regiment is one of 3 reorganized Virginia Detachments.
  • The 1st and 2nd detachments, are captured at the surrender of Charles Town
  • He is ordered to retire to North Carolina and safety.
battle of the waxhaws1
Battle of the Waxhaws

Cornwallis sends the British Legion in pursuit.

After a hard ride Tarleton and his Legion overtake the Americans near a crossing in Northern, South Carolina near the intersection of present day SC Route 9 and 522.

casualties and recriminations of the battle
Casualties and Recriminations of the Battle
  • 113 Americans are dead on the field
  • 150 are wounded most so severely from saber cuts they will die in days or weeks.
  • 50 Americans are captured and interred in prisons ships in Charles Town (most will die during their captivity)
  • British casualties are 5 dead and 15 wounded
the aftermath kings mountain a resounding american victory
The Aftermath - Kings Mountain a Resounding American Victory
  • American Casualties
  • 29 killed58 wounded[2]
  • British Casualties
  • 290 killed163 wounded668 captured[
the aftermath battle of the cowpens and tarleton s defeat
The Aftermath – Battle of the Cowpens and Tarleton’s Defeat

American General Daniel

Morgan developed and

executed a strategy which

utterly destroyed forces led

by Tarleton, this included

his British Legion loyalist

troops And British regulars.

slide22

The Battlefield Today

LANCASTER COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA

Metal Detector Survey and Battlefield Delineation of the Buford’s Massacre (Waxhaws) Revolutionary War Battlefield,

SC Route 9 and SC Route 522 Intersection Improvements

slide23

Artifacts collected on the battlefield tell us a story of how the battle was fought where the opponents were located and the size of the battlefield.

slide38
The American and Buford Flag Fly for the First Time in 232 Years over the Buford Massacre Battlefield
mission statement of the friends of the buford massacre battlefield
Mission Statement of the Friends of the Buford Massacre Battlefield

It is the mission of the Friends of the Buford Massacre Battlefield to promote, preserve and improve this battlefield memorial; to provide an educational experience so that the memory of these fallen heroes and their supreme sacrifice is not forgotten nor the significance of this battle denied it’s place in history.