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Classical Conditioning

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    1. Classical Conditioning Learning by Association

    2. What is Classical Conditioning? Classical Conditioning is a type of learning in which a stimulus evokes a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus.

    3. How does it work? There are four parts to classical conditioning. Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) a stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without previous conditioning.

    4. How does it work? Unconditioned Response (UCR) an unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned Stimulus (CS) a previously neutral stimulus that has acquired the capacity to evoke a conditioned response.

    5. How does it work? 4. Conditioned Response (CR) a learned reaction to a conditioned stimulus that occurs because of previous conditioning.

    6. How about an Example? Think about the demonstration performed earlier in class. Can you identify the UCS, CS, UCR, CR?

    7. Putting it to work

    8. Can you figure it out? Whenever Marcia takes her dog out for a walk, she wears the same old blue windbreaker. Eventually, she notices that her dog becomes excited whenever she puts on this windbreaker.

    9. Can you figure it out? When Cindy and Mel first fell in love, they listened constantly to the creatures hit song Transatlantic Obsession. Although several years have passed, whenever they hear this song they experience a warm, romantic feeling.

    10. What does this mean? Acquisition: the formation of a new conditioned response tendency (learning). Extinction: the gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response.

    11. What does this mean? Spontaneous Recovery: the reappearance of an extinguished response. Stimulus generalization: occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus responds in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus. (ex. Little Albert)

    12. Little Albert John B. Watson examined the conditioned fear of an 11-month-old boy. He paired a loud gong with the presence of a white rat. Albert soon became fearful at the sight of the rat. He also became fearful of similar white objects. (dogs, rabbits, fur coats, Santa Clause mask.

    13. Create your Own Example With a partner, create a scenario reflecting the principles of classical conditioning. Write your scenario on a piece of paper and put your names at the top.