The Incas 8-6
The four suyus of the empire. Introduction • A. Incas moved out from Peru at the same time the Aztecs moved into central Mexico • B. Established an empire that stretched along the coast of South America for about 2,500 miles • C. By the 1500s, there were about 12 million people
I. History • A. Started out as farmers & shepherds • B. Built villages on the rocky slopes of the Andes Mtns • C. Grew corn, potatoes, & other crops in the valleys • D. Grazed alpacas & llamas on the pastures • E. 1438 – Pachacuti (Inca ruler) conquered several neighbors & founded the empire • 1. ordered the conquered people to worship the sun god • 2. made Quechua their official language • 3. made people move into newly conquered areas
F. Incan Empire • 1. built huge system of stone-paved roads • 2. rope suspension bridges crossed canyons & rivers • 3. supplies were set up on the roads • 4. only government officials & soldiers were allowed to use the roads
II. Inca Way of Life • A. Ruler, or the Inca, determined the way of life • B. Land belonged to the ruler • C. Villagers paid taxes in 2 ways: • 1. labor (farming, building roads, mining gold) • 2. army • D. Quipus (counting devices) were used to keep track of people & goods…by special accountants • 1. made of knotted strings of different colors • 2. each color represented a different item • 3. the knots in each string represented tens, hundreds, and so on (spaces between the knots stood for zero)
E. The wealth of the empire was shown in the way the ruler lived • F. Palace was the size of a town with hundreds of rooms & thousands of servants • G. Bodyguards wore gold armor • H. Poles of the litter that he traveled in were made of gold • I. This wealth was the reason the Incan empire was destroyed by the Spaniards in the early 1500s.