Download
the incas n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Incas PowerPoint Presentation

The Incas

165 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

The Incas

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The Incas

  2. Government • Incas ruled by emperor • Held absolute power over all decisions • Also served as chief religious leaders • Served in capital at Cuzco • Strong Central Government • Emperor oversaw provinces, which were run by nobles and ‘chieftains’ • Officials collected taxes and enforced laws • Millions of citizens spoke the same language and observed the same religion

  3. Social Structure Emperor Nobles, Officials Priests Warriors Peasants Slaves

  4. Religion • Polytheistic • Which means… • Primarily focused on the sun god • Worshipped many gods that controlled the forces of natures • Priests • Conducted rituals and led monthly religious festivals

  5. Decline • Death of the emperor in 1525 • Civil War • Weakened by internal fighting, the Inca were easily crushed by the Spanish after years of fighting in 1572

  6. Contributions • Architecture and Engineering • 12,000 miles of roads • Bridges, tunnels, and inclined roads • Capital city of Cuzco • Giant Temple of the Sun • Inner walls lines with gold, and built to withstand major earthquakes http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/53/Inca_roads-en.svg

  7. Contributions • Agriculture • Terraces • Machu Picchu great example of use of terraces for farming • Terraces made it possible to farm in places lacking flat farm land

  8. Contributions • Communication and Science • Quipus • Incan government officials kept records by using knotted colored strings called quipus • Recorded statistics including population, and significant dates and events • Calendar • Medicine • Surgery to treat head wounds • Knowledge of disease and medicine