The Incas were one of the largest empires in the Americas from 1200’s to the 1500’s.
The territory of the Incan Empire stretched for more than ______ miles along the western coast of South America. 2,000
Peru The Inca Empire controlled most of ________ and parts of ___________, _____________, ___________, _____________, & _____________. Colombia Ecuador Bolivia Chile Argentina
Sapa Inca King of the Inca Empire: The Incas believed that the Sapa Inca was the living son of Inti, the sun god.
Inca families raised crops for themselves, and for the _____ ______. Sapa Inca
Men had to donate time by: working on construction projects building roads serving in the military
How did the Inca Empire ensure that no one went hungry? Sapa Inca & the priests stored _______ in warehouses and distributed the food and other goods to those who were too ______ or too ______ to work. goods old sick
He-Who-Sees-Everything: Government official who is responsible for ___________ Inca villages and making them ______ their fair share of ______. *He was also a “_____________.” visiting pay taxes matchmaker
Major crops of the Incas: squash peanuts tomatoes cotton potatoes corn
Inca Engineering The impressive Incan roads enabled people to do the following things: *government officials could __________ around the ____________ *people could ____________ goods *army could _______ quickly to outlying __________ to _______ the emperor’s rule. travel empire trade travel territories enforce
The Inca’s main road was called: *Stretched for more than ________ miles, from the ____________ end of the empire to the _____________. The Royal Road 2,000 northern southern
The Royal Road provided many different things for its travelers: -trees gave ___________, -a ________ provided water -roadside ___________ allowed travelers to buy ________. shade canal storehouses food
Inca __________ fitted the paving stones together like pieces of a _____________ puzzle. engineers jigsaw Everything was done by ________. hand
east west At every valley, _________-_________ roads crossed the ______ ________. Royal Road Royal Road The ______ ______ was like the spine, and the secondary roads were like the _______ that branch out from the ______. nerves spine
roads This network of _______ held the _________ ________ together. Inca Empire
suspension A hanging ___________ bridge built over the _____________ River in ___________ is one of the greatest achievements of the Inca ___________. It was in service from ______ to _______. Apurímac Peru engineers 1350 1890
Inca Communication The Incas had no ________ language. written
counting Quipu: A device for ________________ and ________-___________ record keeping government A quipu was used by ____________ officials to keep track of how many _____________ were headed for a _____________ or how much ___________ was stored in a ___________. warriors village corn / food warehouse
messengers The Incas used trained ______________ to _________ short distances at ________ speeds to carry __________ throughout the ___________. run great news empire 150 1 A message could travel _____ miles in ___ day!
Machu Picchu ________ _______ is a mountain fortress located in present-day Peru. It sits between two _________ of the ___________. It was a ______ spot for the Inca _______ peaks Andes emperors vacation
Expanding the Incan Empire Although the Incas did perform human _____________ for __________ purposes, the Incas focused on making the _________ people become ___________ Inca citizens. sacrifices religious conquered loyal
The Inca were eventually conquered by Spanish explorer, _______________. Francisco Pizarro
The Aztec were eventually conquered by Spanish explorer, _______________. Hernán Cortés
Test Questions??? Review Game tomorrow!
On desk: Planner Pencil S.S. Binder Study Guides Textbook Map QUIZ will be returned! View Machu Picchu on Google Earth! Review Game today! Test Questions???
Maya, Aztec, Inca TEST Day #1: Essay Question & Matching On desk: *Pencil *Silent Reading book
Maya, Aztec, Inca TEST Day #2: Multiple Choice & Fill-in-the-Blank On desk: *Pencil *Silent Reading book *You MIGHT have homework time at the VERY END