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The Incas PowerPoint Presentation

The Incas

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The Incas

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  1. The Incas

  2. The Incas were one of the largest empires in the Americas from 1200’s to the 1500’s.

  3. The territory of the Incan Empire stretched for more than ______ miles along the western coast of South America. 2,000

  4. Peru The Inca Empire controlled most of ________ and parts of ___________, _____________, ___________, _____________, & _____________. Colombia Ecuador Bolivia Chile Argentina

  5. The Inca Empire existed throughout the __________ Mountains. Andes

  6. Sapa Inca King of the Inca Empire: The Incas believed that the Sapa Inca was the living son of Inti, the sun god.

  7. Inca families raised crops for themselves, and for the _____ ______. Sapa Inca

  8. Men had to donate time by: working on construction projects building roads serving in the military

  9. How did the Inca Empire ensure that no one went hungry? Sapa Inca & the priests stored _______ in warehouses and distributed the food and other goods to those who were too ______ or too ______ to work. goods old sick

  10. He-Who-Sees-Everything: Government official who is responsible for ___________ Inca villages and making them ______ their fair share of ______. *He was also a “_____________.” visiting pay taxes matchmaker

  11. Major crops of the Incas: squash peanuts tomatoes cotton potatoes corn

  12. Inca Engineering The impressive Incan roads enabled people to do the following things: *government officials could __________ around the ____________ *people could ____________ goods *army could _______ quickly to outlying __________ to _______ the emperor’s rule. travel empire trade travel territories enforce

  13. The Inca’s main road was called: *Stretched for more than ________ miles, from the ____________ end of the empire to the _____________. The Royal Road 2,000 northern southern

  14. The Royal Road provided many different things for its travelers: -trees gave ___________, -a ________ provided water -roadside ___________ allowed travelers to buy ________. shade canal storehouses food

  15. Inca __________ fitted the paving stones together like pieces of a _____________ puzzle. engineers jigsaw Everything was done by ________. hand

  16. east west At every valley, _________-_________ roads crossed the ______ ________. Royal Road Royal Road The ______ ______ was like the spine, and the secondary roads were like the _______ that branch out from the ______. nerves spine

  17. roads This network of _______ held the _________ ________ together. Inca Empire

  18. suspension A hanging ___________ bridge built over the _____________ River in ___________ is one of the greatest achievements of the Inca ___________. It was in service from ______ to _______. Apurímac Peru engineers 1350 1890

  19. Inca Communication The Incas had no ________ language. written

  20. counting Quipu: A device for ________________ and ________-___________ record keeping government A quipu was used by ____________ officials to keep track of how many _____________ were headed for a _____________ or how much ___________ was stored in a ___________. warriors village corn / food warehouse

  21. messengers The Incas used trained ______________ to _________ short distances at ________ speeds to carry __________ throughout the ___________. run great news empire 150 1 A message could travel _____ miles in ___ day!

  22. Machu Picchu ________ _______ is a mountain fortress located in present-day Peru. It sits between two _________ of the ___________. It was a ______ spot for the Inca _______ peaks Andes emperors vacation

  23. Expanding the Incan Empire Although the Incas did perform human _____________ for __________ purposes, the Incas focused on making the _________ people become ___________ Inca citizens. sacrifices religious conquered loyal

  24. The Inca were eventually conquered by Spanish explorer, _______________. Francisco Pizarro

  25. The Aztec were eventually conquered by Spanish explorer, _______________. Hernán Cortés

  26. Test Questions??? Review Game tomorrow!

  27. On desk: Planner Pencil S.S. Binder Study Guides Textbook Map QUIZ will be returned! View Machu Picchu on Google Earth! Review Game today! Test Questions???

  28. Maya, Aztec, Inca TEST Day #1: Essay Question & Matching On desk: *Pencil *Silent Reading book

  29. Maya, Aztec, Inca TEST Day #2: Multiple Choice & Fill-in-the-Blank On desk: *Pencil *Silent Reading book *You MIGHT have homework time at the VERY END