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Incas. Location. Western Highlands of South America Present-day Chile, Argentina, Peru, Colombia The empire stretched for more than 3,000 miles Capital City – Cuzco Founded in 1200 A.D. Military. Very powerful army All men ages 25-50 were drafted for the army for up to five years.

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location
Location
  • Western Highlands of South America
  • Present-day Chile, Argentina, Peru, Colombia
  • The empire stretched for more than 3,000 miles
  • Capital City – Cuzco
  • Founded in 1200 A.D.
military
Military
  • Very powerful army
  • All men ages 25-50 were drafted for the army for up to five years.
  • Weapons included clubs, spears, spiked copper balls on ropes.
  • Soldiers used woven cloth to throw stones 30 yards.
infrastructure
Infrastructure
  • Population – more than 9 million
  • Infrastructure – more than 10,000 miles of stone paved roads that ran over mountains, desert, and jungles.
  • Rope bridges – made from grass – were used to cross canyons and rivers.
communication
Communication
  • Runners would carry messages from the emperor to remote villages.
  • Quechua – official language
  • No form of written language
  • Quipus – form of record keeping that used strings and knots to keep track of grain supplies
agriculture
Agriculture
  • The mountainous land was not well suited for farming.
  • Incas cut terraces into the sides of mountains to make platforms to plant on.
  • They built stone walls to hold the soils and plants in place.
  • Crops – maize, squash, tomatoes, peanuts, peppers, melons, cotton, potatoes.
religion
Religion
  • The Incan Empire belonged to the emperor, who was believed to be a descendant of the sun god.
  • Incans believed the sun god enjoyed displays of gold, so they made and wore gold jewelry.
  • They built special cities devoted to religious ceremonies. (i.e. – Machu Picchu)
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