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Section 3: Dissociative Disorders

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Section 3: Dissociative Disorders. Dissociative Disorders. Dissociation – separation of certain personality components / mental processes from conscious thought Somewhat common Becomes a disorder when used to avoid stressful events or feelings Lose memory of an event, forget identity.

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dissociative disorders
Dissociative Disorders
  • Dissociation – separation of certain personality components / mental processes from conscious thought
    • Somewhat common
    • Becomes a disorder when used to avoid stressful events or feelings
    • Lose memory of an event, forget identity
  • Sudden loss of memory, usually following traumatic event
  • Can’t remember anything surrounding event
  • May even forget identity
  • Memory returns as suddenly as it was lost
  • Wartime and natural disasters huge causes
  • Forgetting personal information and past events, but also relocating and taking on new identity
  • Usually follows traumatic event
  • May not appear to be ill at all
  • Eventually ends, can’t remember anything
dissociative identity disorder
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • (multiple personality disorder)
  • Two or more personalities that may or may not be aware of one another
  • Different voice, facial expressions, handedness, age, gender, allergies, etc.
  • Usually severely abused as kid
  • Suffered severe physical sexual and or psychological abuse
depersonalization disorder
Depersonalization Disorder
  • Feelings of detachment from one’s mental processes or body
  • Usually preceded by stressful event
  • Third most common complaint among psychiatric patients
explaining dissociative disorders
Explaining Dissociative Disorders
  • Psychoanalytic theory – dissociate in order to repress unacceptable urges
  • Learning theorists – learned not to think about disturbing events in order to avoid feelings of guilt, shame, or pain
overview of adhd
Overview of ADHD
  • Attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder
  • Trouble focusing on task at hand
  • May be easily distracted
  • Causes problems at school (learning and social)
  • Most common reason kids are referred to mental health professional
diagnosing adhd
Diagnosing ADHD
  • Usually young boys
  • Most common in USA
  • Ritalin (actually a stimulant) is most helpful drug
  • Pregnant mothers that smoke 3x more likely to have ADHD child
  • Side effects can be a problem
  • If not dealt with – problems in school, relationships, delinquent behavior, substance abuse, etc.
  • Early signs
    • Aloof and unresponsive babies
    • Attach to inanimate objects instead of family
    • Inappropriate speech
    • Unexplained tantrums
    • Difficult to feed
    • Don’t like being held or cuddled
    • Very little sensitivity to pain
    • Rarely maintain eye contact
  • Failure to develop normal communication patterns, social interactions, emotional responses
  • Strong and negative reaction to change
  • Few able to speak normally, many practice echolalia (repeating what has just been said)
  • May abuse themselves or repeat single hand motion for hours
famous people rumored to have autism
Famous people Rumored to have Autism
  • Emily Dickenson
  • Mozart
  • Albert Einstein
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Jane Austen
  • Vincent Van Gogh
  • Alexander graham bell
  • Bach
  • Beethoven
  • Leonardo Da Vinci
  • Thomas Edison
  • Isaac Newton
  • Michelangelo
  • Mark Twain
who it affects
Who it affects
  • 1 in 88 kids born today
  • Usually boys
  • Kids regardless of parental styling (doesn’t mean autistic kids have bad parents)
  • Neurological problem – make up of brain is different
  • Possible link between autism and schizophrenia
causes of autism
Causes of Autism
  • Mothers that
    • Don’t take pre-natal vitamins
    • Are obese
    • Are older when giving birth
  • Other possible causes:
    • Vaccines
    • Food allergies
    • Immune system deficiencies
    • Heredity
    • Premature birth
    • Environmental factors (pollutants, etc.)
autistic savant
Autistic Savant
  • Extraordinary skill of some kind
  • Complicated numerical operations, musical talents, artistic ability, memory capability
  • A medical mystery
asperger s
  • High functioning Autism
  • Difficulty with social situations & limited, repetitive behaviors
  • 1 in 500 kids
  • Literal thinking (difficulty noticing sarcasm)
  • Trouble reading body language and emotions
  • 3 to 4x more likely in boys
  • Many are highly intelligent
  • Behavior therapy can help, drugs to help anxiety