SLEEP DISORDERS. contents. What is sleep? Why is sleep important? Quick sleep facts Cycle of sleep Biological rhythms Dreaming Sleep disorders Treatment of sleep disorders Sleep hygiene R esources. What is sleep?.
No dreaming /logical subconscious thinking
Decrease in BP
EEG shows transition from fast, low amplitude waves to slow, high amplitude waves
Ach &/or dopamine
Easy to arose person
Pulsatile release of GH, gonadotropins from AP
Associated with dreaming (3 /night, longer, fantacyworld))
Increased BP. Penile erection or clitoris engorgement,
EEG is synchronised
NE &/or serotonin
Difficult to arose
A sleep disorder is a medical condition of the sleep patterns of a person.
■ Sleep disorders are common
■ Sleep disorders are serious
■ Sleep disorders are under diagnosed
■ Sleep disorders are treatable
Problems in the timing of sleep
“either too awake at night or too sleepy in the day.” Subtypes:
sleeping too much
occur almost daily
Signs: loud snoring, heavy sweating during the night, morning headaches, sleep attacks during the day
Contributing Factors:more common in males, the obese, & middle to older age
Prevalence:occurs in 10-20% of population
respond to psychotherapy.
15% do so occasionally.
and more chronic.
May need to sleep on the ground floor, have outside doors securely locked, and have car keys unavailable.
Over the counter medications include:
Primary classes include: