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Aim: What Philosophical changes to the economy did the Industrial Revolution help to spur on? . Title: Evolution of Socialism Do Now: Write down what you know about the Industrial Revolution and how it affected both employers and their workers.

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aim what philosophical changes to the economy did the industrial revolution help to spur on

Aim: What Philosophical changes to the economy did the Industrial Revolution help to spur on?

Title: Evolution of Socialism

Do Now: Write down what you know about the Industrial Revolution and how it affected both employers and their workers.

Focus on the conflict that arose between the

two classes: Bourgeoisie v. Proletariats.

key things to keep in mind
Key things to keep in mind:
  • Industrial Revolution
    • Unfair treatment
    • Unlivable/working conditions
    • No representation = no unions
    • Class distinctions: Bourgeoisie (middle class/rich/bosses/factory owners) vs. Proletariats (working class, poor, etc.) = Rich got richer, while the poor got….. well, you get the point.
    • The rich utilized laissez-fairecapitalism to their great advantage
communist manifesto reading
Communist Manifesto Reading

Bourgeois oppresses Proletariat

Ancient Rome: Patricians, Knights

Middle Ages: Feudal Lords, Vassals, Guildmasters

Ancient Rome: Plebeians, Slaves

Middle Ages: Journeymen, Apprentices, Serts

today s focus
Today’s Focus:

We will examine how the ideas of social reform emerged as a result of the uneven distribution of wealth caused by the Industrial Revolution.

objective i
OBJECTIVE I

Quietly please (Shhh!!!): Carefully review/actively read the handout – Yes, MARK IT UP!!!

  • Comparing & contrasting varying economic & related political systems: Capitalism vs. Socialism vs. Communism.
objective i continued
OBJECTIVE I (continued)

Transfer the graphic organizers pictured below onto a blank piece of paper.

Complete reading on capitalism, socialism, and communism and complete the organizer.

ideology rock paper scissors
Ideology Rock-Paper-Scissors
  • Directions/Rules
  • Find a partner
  • Play 3 rounds of rock-paper-scissors (1 round=best out of three shoots)
  • At the end each round, the loser must give the winner one piece of their candy
  • Odds and Ends
  • In game, candy=money and winning=hard work (therefore, the harder your work the more money you receive and vise versa)
ideology rock paper scissors1
Ideology Rock-Paper-Scissors
  • What economic system was enacted at the beginning of the game before you began playing? What are some problems that may arise from this system?
  • What economic ideology was enacted while playing the game? What problems may arise from this system?
  • Which economic ideology was represented as I redistributed the candy? What problems may arise from this system?
  • Why did these economic/political ideologies emerge after the Industrial Revolution (think class tensions)?
political and economic ideologies
Political and Economic Ideologies
  • Capitalism
    • Economic system in which money is invested in business ventures with the goal of making a profit, economic liberty guarantees economic progress
    • ADAM SMITH Father of modern capitalism
political and economic ideologies1
Political and Economic Ideologies
  • Socialism
    • Factors of production are owned by public and operate for the welfare of all
    • Government actively plans economy
    • Other socialist ideas include
      • Bentham
        • UTILITARIANSIM judge ideas, institutions and actions on the basis of their utility or usefulness
        • Government should provide the greatest good for the greatest amount of people
political and economic ideologies2
Political and Economic Ideologies
  • Karl Marx
    • Believed that economic forces controlled society
    • Wrote the Communist Manifesto (1848) calling for “workers of the world unite” and overthrow the “bourgeoisie”
    • Radical socialism called Marxist
    • Gap between rich and poor too wide and will widen
    • More control over economy will reduce class conflict
communist manifesto reading1
Communist Manifesto Reading

Bourgeois oppresses Proletariat

Ancient Rome: Patricians, Knights

Middle Ages: Feudal Lords, Vassals, Guildmasters

Ancient Rome: Plebeians, Slaves

Middle Ages: Journeymen, Apprentices, Serts

political and economic ideologies3
Political and Economic Ideologies
  • Karl Marx (cont.)
    • Marx’s final phase would become
    • COMMUNISM
      • Complete form of socialism in which the means of production owned by the people
      • No private property
      • Classless society
      • All goods and services shared equally
political and economic ideologies4
Political and Economic Ideologies
  • Karl Marx (cont.)
    • Marx’s ideas of communism didn’t have much appeal until 20th century
      • Lenin’s Russia
      • Mao’s China
      • Ho Chi Minh’s Vietnam
      • Castro’s Cuba
    • Most of Marx’s predictions never occurred proving that society is not just controlled by economic forces but also by religion, nationalism and political forces
slide19
Use the information from reading and your chart above to accurately place the economic systems on the Economic Spectrum below….
objective 1
OBJECTIVE 1
  • What are the means of production?
  • What is Socialism? List and then examine some of the primary characteristics of Socialism?
  • What led socialists and other groups to believe that government should control the means of production?
slide21

Capital and equipment used to produce and exchange goods

  • Man’s/individual greed/corruption/unfair treatment towards the “common man”, etc.
socialism
Socialism
  • Socialists – viewed the capitalist system as inherently wrong
    • Belief that capitalism is designed to create poverty and poor working conditions because of its end goal of earning maximum profits for investors
  • Socialism – government owns the means of production
    • Belief that if the government (“the people”) owns the means of production, these factories and industries will function in the public (as opposed to private) interest
slide23

OBJECTIVE III1. Let’s try to analyze the philosophy and influences of Robert Owen, Karl Marx, and Friedrich Engels, see pp. 565 -66. - Create a three-column chart (similar to the one shown)- Below, list and then examine their philosophy & influences.

early socialist movement
Early Socialist Movement
  • First socialists were Utopians
    • Strove to create a fair and just system
    • Community divided tasks and rewards equitably
  • Robert Owen
  • Charles Fourier
  • Claude Saint-Simon
  • Louis Blanc
robert owen 1771 1858
Robert Owen (1771-1858)
  • Utopian socialist
  • Owned a textile factory in New Lanark, Scotland
  • Set up a model community in New Harmony, Indiana
  • Decreased working hours
  • Improved working conditions and employee housing
  • Shared management and profits with employees
  • Proved that a socialist-based company could be profitable
karl marx 1818 1883
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
  • German socialist (communist) philosopher
  • Forced to leave Prussia for articles attacking the Prussian government
  • Relocated to France where he was considered too radical
    • Wrote Communist Manifesto with Friedrich Engels (1848)
  • Relocated to England where he lived out the rest of his life
    • Wrote Das Kapital – the “bible” of socialism (1867)
  • “Religion is the opiate of the people.”
    • Belief that religion is designed to keep people submissive to those in power by promising them that their reward is in heaven
objective iv
OBJECTIVE IV

1. What do you know about communism? (reference HW #13)

- Express your opinions to this economical

system.

- Please justify your points with hard

found facts, examples, and evidence.

communism
Communism
  • Goals
    • Overthrow the bourgeois “supremacy”
    • Abolition (get rid of) private property
  • Rationale
    • Working class works to produce capital (money) which allows bourgeois to acquire more personal property and therefore control working class
socialist and communist political parties
Socialist and Communist Political Parties
  • First International
    • Founded by Marx and others in 1864
    • International Workingmen’s Association
    • Urged proletariat to overthrow capitalism worldwide
    • Broke apart in 1873
  • Second International
    • Founded in 1889
    • National parties more concerned with the politics of their respective nations
    • Broke apart during World War I
  • Russian Revolution (1917)
    • Communists – known as Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, came to power following the overthrow of the tsar
  • Left and right wings
    • Socialists – right wingers – advocated socialist reforms through voting
    • Communists – left wingers – advocated socialist reforms through revolution
    • Political parties of both types have existed throughout Europe, the United States, and all over the world since around the turn of the last century
objective v
OBJECTIVE V
  • Draw the following web diagram:
    • Complete the diagram by identifying the competing ideas that arose out of Marxism and their characteristics.
    • Students’ diagrams should include information that identifies the roles of both people and government.
objective vi
OBJECTIVE VI
  • Complete guided reading 22.5.
review questions
Review Questions
  • Explain Marxism in terms of the economic interpretation of history, class struggle, surplus value, and the inevitability of socialism.
  • Most modern industrialized nations possess some degree of socialism. Comparing the United States to countries such as China, France, and Great Britain, should the United States increase or decrease its number and scope of social programs and government ownership of industry? Why or why not?