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Industrial Revolution Overview

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  1. Industrial Revolution Overview 1780-1815 Flip

  2. The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain. It starting with the evolution of power sources and the successful rise of new industrial technology. Also, a new working class that suffered from bad working conditions developed. • Related Ideas • Increase in Population Trends • Romantic Response • Sexual Division of Labor • The Railroad • Manchester School of Economics Flip

  3. Edmund Cartwright 1743-1823 Flip

  4. Edmund Cartwright created the power loom which was water powered and made weaving faster and more efficient. The increased efficiency contributed to cottage industry workers that were a part of the putting-out system. • Related Ideas • Evolution of Power Sources • James Hargreaves • John Kay Flip

  5. Sexual Division of Labor 1780-1815 Flip

  6. During the Industrial Revolution, the men were the family’s primary wage earners and only in poor families did the women and children work. Women still got the low-paying, dead-end jobs, and were less likely to work full time because of their duties at home. • Related Ideas • Mines Act of 1842 • Bad Working Conditions Flip

  7. The Luddites 1812 Flip

  8. The Luddites werea group of anti-industrialists, and followers of Ned Ludd, who attacked factories in northern England and later attacked new machines that they claimed were taking their jobs. • Related Ideas • Evolution of Power Sources Flip

  9. Britain: The First Industrial Nation 1780 Flip

  10. Britain was called the workshop of the world. They produced 2/3 of the world’s coal, over ½ of the world’s iron and cotton, and in 1860, Britain produced 20% of the world’s output of industrial goods. • Related Ideas • Reasons for England’s Industrial Revolution • GNP • The Great Exposition Flip

  11. Friedrich Engels 1820-1895 Flip

  12. Friedrich Engels wrote The Communist Manifesto in collaboration with Karl Marx. He believed that workers of the Industrial Revolution that suffered from bad working conditionswere deprived of their wages. • Related Ideas • David Ricardo • Manchester School of Economics • The “Dismal Science” • Thomas Malthus Flip

  13. William Wordsworth 1770-1850 Flip

  14. Wordsworth is an anti-industrialist and romantic poet who wrote about the simplicity of love and nature in his poem “Daffodils”. • Related Ideas • Romantic Response • William Blake Flip

  15. New Medical Discoveries 1850-1880 Flip

  16. New medical discoveries cured many diseases and led to an increase in population trends. This caused real wages to increase, thus allowing people to buy more products. The GNP increased as well as the standard of living. There was also a rise in the number of servants after families began to flaunt their wealth. • Related Ideas • David Ricardo Flip

  17. Eli Whitney 1765-1825 Flip

  18. Eli Whitney created the cotton gin in 1793. It createda quicker method of separating the seed from the cotton fiber. This lead to an increased supply of cotton for factories. • Related Ideas • Evolution of Power Sources • The Luddites • William & John Cockerill Flip

  19. Bad Working Conditions 1780-1815 Flip

  20. Factories were crowded and many diseases were spreadduring the industrial revolution.Women and children worked, long hours but were paid lower wages than men. The heavy machinery was dangerous and countless workerslost their lives. • Related Ideas • Saddler Committee • Sexual Division of Labor • Combination Acts 1799 • Poor Law of 1834 • Factory Act of 1833 • Mines Act of 1842 Flip

  21. Population Trends 1750-1850 Flip

  22. Rural areas were abandoned while people moved into industrial areas to find jobs. In 1850, new medical discoveriesdecreased the death rate. Between 1780 and 1851 England’s population increased by 12 million. Also, after 1850 diseases such as the plague disappeared from western society. • Related Ideas • Reasons for England’s Industrial Revolution • Britain: The First Industrial Nation Flip

  23. The Great Reform Bill of 1832 1832 Flip

  24. The Reform Bill of 1832 expanded British electorate and encouraged the middle class to participate in politics. The new industrial citiesgained representation in the House of Commons. The electoral districts with few voters, also known“rotten boroughs,” were diminished. • Related Ideas • The Chartist Movement • Karl Marx • Friedrich Engles Flip

  25. Robert Owen 1771-1858 Flip

  26. Robert Owen created a model industrial community in Scotland. Owen treated workers well by giving them high wages, shorter hours, education, and even housing. His workers did not experience the same bad working conditions as other workers did. • Related Ideas • Karl Marx • The “Dismal Science” • David Ricardo • Thomas Malthus Flip

  27. Karl Marx 1818-1883 Flip

  28. Karl Marx is a German writer who wrote The Communist Manifesto.He believed workers are taken advantage of and need to unite to end capitalism and participate in an inevitable worldwide revolution. He also thought ofhistory as a continuous class struggle and worked in collaboration with Friedrich Engels. • Related Ideas • The Great Reform Bill of 1832 • Bad Working Conditions • The Chartist Movement Flip

  29. Factory Act 1833 Flip

  30. The Sadler Committeeworked to get the Factory Act passed to end the bad working conditionsfaced by children. • Related Ideas • The Poor Law of 1834 • Sexual Division of Labor • Mines Act of 1842 Flip

  31. The Great Exposition 1851 Flip

  32. The Great Exposition, held in the Crystal Palace, was a place where exhibitors could sell all of their British goods that were available as a result of industrialization and increased GNP. This proved Great Britain as the first industrial nationduring the industrial revolution. • Related Ideas • Reasons for England’s Industrial Revolution • Population Trends • Corn Laws/ Repeal of Corn Laws Flip

  33. Mines Act 1842 Flip

  34. The Ashley Committeeworked to get the Mines Act passed to make ensure a sexual division of laboramongst workers. It was also created to end bad working conditions • Related Ideas • Factory Act • Population Trends • Thomas Malthus Flip

  35. Sadler Committee Picture Early 1830s Flip

  36. The Sadler Committee was a group that represented working children in factories. They exposed that children were beaten and abused in the factories and as a result, the Factory Act of 1833was passed. • Related Ides • Mines Act of 1842 • The Poor Law of 1834 • Bad Working Conditions Flip

  37. Combination Acts Picture 1799 Flip

  38. The Combination Acts of 1799 outlawed unions and strikes for workers. In 1824, Parliament repealed the Combination Acts and unions were tolerated. • Related Ideas • Bad Working Conditions • The Great Reform Bill of 1832 • Karl Marx • Friedrich Engels • David Ricardo Flip

  39. William Blake Picture 1757-1827 Flip

  40. William Blake was a romantic poet that also wrote about the industrial revolution and its effects. He referred to factories as “satanic mills”. He also protested against the hard life of peasants, particularly the London poor. Related Ideas Romantic Response The Luddites Flip

  41. John Constable Picture 1776-1837 Flip

  42. The romantic painter, John Constable, painted in response to the industrial revolution. His paintings consisted of “Wordsworthian” landscapes in which humans were at once with nature. • Related Ideas • Romantic Response • The Luddites Flip

  43. Thomas Malthus Picture 1776-1834 Flip

  44. Thomas Malthus was a laissez faire economist that shared beliefs with Adam Smithand David Ricardo. He argued that population would always outgrow the food supply in his Essay on the Principle of Population. He believed that the “positive checks” to control population growth are war, famine, and disease. • Related Ideas • Manchester School of Economics • Population Trends Flip

  45. Joseph M.W. Turner Picture 1775-1851 Flip

  46. Joseph Turner was fascinated by nature and loved to depict its societal influence. He is the most notable romantic painter and shared similar beliefs with John Constable towards the Industrial Revolution. • Related Ideas • Romantic Art • Romantic Literature • William Wordsworth • William Blake • The Luddites Flip

  47. Evolution of Power Sources 1750-1850 Flip

  48. The constant need for energy and power as well as greater efficiency led to new inventions. Power sources evolved from horse and manpower to wood/charcoal, to coal, to steam power, and finally to iron. • Related Ideas • Thomas Savery & Thomas Newcomen • George Stephenson • Richard Arkwright Flip

  49. David Ricardo Picture 1772-1823 Flip

  50. The wealthy English stockbroker, David Ricardo, was a laissez faire economist that shared beliefs with Adam Smith and Thomas Malthus. His key idea was the “iron law of wages” which stated that wages would always be just high enough to keep workers from starving. • Related Ideas • The “Dismal Science” • Manchester School of Economics • Bad Working Conditions Flip