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www.Apushreview.com. APUSH Review: “New” Immigration. Everything You Need To K now A bout New Immigration To Succeed In APUSH. What is “New Immigration?”. What is it? Immigrants that came from Southern and Eastern Europe Specific countries? Poland, Italy, Greece, Hungary, etc.

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apush review new immigration


APUSH Review: “New” Immigration

Everything You Need To Know About New Immigration To Succeed In APUSH

what is new immigration
What is “New Immigration?”
  • What is it?
    • Immigrants that came from Southern and Eastern Europe
  • Specific countries?
    • Poland, Italy, Greece, Hungary, etc.
  • When did it occur?
    • 1880s – 1920
why did they come here where did they settle
Why did they come here? Where did they settle?
  • Why they came here?
    • Economic opportunities
      • Some came for a short time – “Birds of Passage”
    • Lack of military conscription
    • Religious persecution - Jews
  • Where did they settle?
    • Overwhelmingly in urban areas
    • Large cities – NYC and Chicago
      • Dumbbell tenements
      • ***How the Other Half Lives***
challenges faced by new immigrants
Challenges Faced by “New” Immigrants
  • Many had a hard time ***Assimilating*** or adjusting to American life
    • Spoke different languages
    • Many were highly illiterate
    • Lived in “ghettos”
  • New immigrants often worked in unskilled jobs
    • Often worked for lower wages
    • Hard to unionize – language barriers
  • Political bosses often gave immigrants jobs and resources
    • Immigrants became a strong voting presence
reactions to new immigrants
Reactions to “New” Immigrants
  • Jane Addams – Chicago
    • Founder of the Hull House
    • Provided housing, food, and education for poor women and immigrants
    • Helped spur other settlement houses
  • Nativism
    • Fear, distrust, and hatred of foreigners
    • Causes of Nativism
      • “taking jobs”
      • Fear of the Pope
      • Different government ideas – socialism and anarchism
  • American Protective Association (APA)
    • Urged voting against Catholics, favored tougher immigration laws
immigration laws of the 1920s
Immigration Laws of the 1920s
  • Emergency Quota Act of 1921
    • Restricted number of immigrants from a country to 3% of total people from that country living in US in 1910
      • Favored Southern and Eastern Europe
  • National Origins Act of 1924
    • Quotas for foreigners was cut from 3% to 2%, used 1890 census instead, hurt “New Immigrants”
  • These two acts signified an end to previously unrestricted immigration
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