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Lyndon B. Johnson: The Great Society APUSH Chapter 38. Essential Questions : What was the importance of Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society, including the establishment of Medicare? How did the Warren Court and the expansion of individual rights ultimately evolve in the Miranda decision? .

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lyndon b johnson the great society apush chapter 38

Lyndon B. Johnson: The Great SocietyAPUSH Chapter 38

Essential Questions:

What was the importance of Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society, including the establishment of Medicare?

How did the Warren Court and the expansion of individual rights ultimately evolve in the Miranda decision?

lbj in the white house
The demand for reform helped create a new awareness of social problems, especially on matters of civil rights and the effects of povertyLBJ in the White House
lbj s path to power
LBJ’s ambition and drive were legendary

He entered politics in 1937 as a “New Dealer”

He caught the eye of FDR as a spokesman for farmers of his district

He was a master of party politics and maneuvering and rose to Senate majority leader in 1955

Became President in 1963

LBJ’s Path to Power
slide4
His ability to achieve legislative results had captured JFK’s attention as well

Johnson’s congressional connections and his Southern Protestant background convinced Kennedy to make LBJ his running mate

This helped Kennedy win states in the south

the domestic agenda
Johnson urged Congress to pass the civil rights and tax-cut bills that Kennedy had sent to Capitol Hill

The tax-cuts spurred economic growth

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it illegal to discriminate based on race, religion, national origin, and sex

The Domestic Agenda
election of 1964
Republicans nominate Barry Goldwater of Arizona

Barry Goldwater believed the federal government had no business trying to right social and economic wrongs such as poverty, discrimination, and lack of opportunity

Most Americans sided with LBJ

Election of 1964
election of 196411
Election of 1964
  • Goldwater had also frightened many Americans by suggesting he may use nuclear weapons on Cuba and North Vietnam
  • LBJ won in a landslide
  • Democrats also gained more control in Congress
  • LBJ could launch his domestic reform program, The Great Society with high confidence
building the great society
Johnson summed up his vision for America in a phrase: The Great Society

In a speech he outlined a legislative program (Great Society) that would end poverty and racial injustice

He would also try to create a higher standard of living for everyone

Building the Great Society
the great society
Passed bills increasing funding for education; the first major federal aid package for education in the nation’s history

LBJ created Medicare and Medicaid

Created the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

Medicare: give low-cost medical insurance to Americans age 65 years and up

Medicaid: extends health care insurance to people on welfare.

The Great Society
impact of the great society
Impact of the Great Society
  • The Great Society and the Warren Court changed the United States
  • People disagree on whether the U.S. was better or worse afterwards
  • The massive tax cut spurred the economy, but funding the Great Society along with the Vietnam War led to increased deficits
backlash
There was a conservative backlash

Ronald Reagan swept to victory in the race for governor of California

The increase in Communist forces in Vietnam began to overshadow the Great Society

Four years after the election, Johnson, who ran on a peace ticket, would be labeled a “hawk” for supporting one of the most divisive wars in recent U.S. History

Backlash
the warren court
The Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren encouraged the expansion of individual rights in the U.S.

This started with Brown v. B.O.E.

Limited censorship

Stated free speech included allowing students to wear black armbands to protest the war (Tinker v Des Moines)

Tinker v Des Moines - 1969

The Warren Court
the warren court17
The Warren Court also greatly expanded the rights of people accused of crimes

Illegally seized evidence couldn’t be used in court

Required criminal courts to provide free legal counsel

(Gideon v. Wainwright)

Right to a lawyer during questioning

People must be read their Miranda rights before questioning

(Miranda v. Arizona - 1966)

The Warren Court